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Mitochondrial precursor proteins with basic targeting signals may be transported across the outer membrane by sequential binding to acidic receptor sites of increasing affinity. To test this 'acid chain' hypothesis, we assayed the interaction of mitochondrial precursors with three acidic receptor domains: the cytosolic domain of Tom20 and the intermembrane(More)
Metaxin, a novel gene located between the glucocerebrosidase and thrombospondin 3 genes in the mouse, is essential for survival of the postimplantation mouse embryo. In this study, the subcellular location, domain structure, and biochemical function of metaxin were investigated. Anti-recombinant metaxin antibodies recognized 35- and 70-kDa proteins in(More)
We have reconstituted the early steps of precursor targeting to mitochondria in a defined and soluble system consisting of the cytosolic domains of the yeast mitochondrial import receptors Tom20 and Tom70, precursor to bovine adrenal adrenodoxin (which has a cleavable targeting signal) and rat liver cytosolic chaperones hsp70 and mitochondrial(More)
Mitochondrial import stimulation factor (MSF) unfolds wheat germ lysate synthesized aggregated mitochondrial precursor proteins and stimulates their mitochondrial import in an ATP dependent manner. Here we analysed the function of MSF mainly by utilizing chemically pure adrenodoxin precursor (pAd). MSF bound to the unfolded pAd and prevented it from losing(More)
We cloned a 38-kDa rat mitochondrial outer membrane protein (OM38) with structural homology to the central component of preprotein translocase of the fungal mitochondrial outer membrane, Tom40. Although it has no predictable alpha-helical transmembrane segments, OM38 is resistant to alkaline carbonate extraction and is inaccessible to proteases and(More)
Tom20 is an outer mitochondrial membrane protein and functions as a component of the import receptor complex for the cytoplasmically synthesized mitochondrial precursor proteins. It consists of the N-terminal membrane-anchor segment, the tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) motif, a charged amino acids-rich linker segment between the membrane anchor and the TPR(More)
We have isolated cDNAs encoding a chicken homologue of MRF4 (cMRF4) in addition to chicken MyoD (CMD1) and myogenin (c-myogenin) described previously. In an attempt to understand the roles that cMRF4, CMD1, and c-myogenin play in chicken myogenesis, the effects of these factors on muscle-specific cis-elements identified in regulatory regions of myosin(More)
The types of troponin-T (TNT) expressed in neonatal chicken breast muscle were examined by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE), immunoblotting, and peptide mapping. When troponin from neonatal chicken breast muscle or whole lysate of the muscle was displayed on 2-D PAGE, multiple spots were observed in the TNT region on the gel. They differed(More)
We have characterized several intermediates in the mitochondrial import stimulation factor (MSF)-dependent import into mammalian mitochondria of a matrix-targeted precursor, preadrenodoxin (pAd). In the first step, pAd docks onto the 37-kDa protein of the outer membrane (OM37) as a complex with MSF (stage I intermediate). It is then transferred to the(More)
MSF, a mitochondrial import stimulation factor purified from rat liver cytosol, is an ATP-dependent precursor protein conformational modulator. As a step toward understanding the specificity of substrate recognition by MSF, various synthetic peptides were examined for their ability to induce MSF ATPase activity. The peptides corresponding to various(More)