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BACKGROUND Epidemiological and clinical evidence suggests that an increased intake of long-chain n-3 fatty acids protects against mortality from coronary artery disease. We aimed to test the hypothesis that long-term use of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is effective for prevention of major coronary events in hypercholesterolaemic patients in Japan who consume(More)
Endothelial dysfunction or activation elicited by oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, characterized by intimal thickening and lipid deposition in the arteries. Ox-LDL and its lipid constituents impair endothelial production of nitric oxide, and induce the endothelial expression of(More)
BACKGROUND A retrospective review of treatment results comparing women with clear cell carcinoma of the ovary (CCC) with a group with serous adenocarcinoma of the ovary (SAC) was conducted. METHODS Between 1988-1998, 662 patients with epithelial ovarian carcinoma were identified through the medical records department and the tumor registry at 4(More)
At tight junctions (TJs), claudins with four transmembrane domains are incorporated into TJ strands. Junctional adhesion molecule (JAM), which belongs to the immunoglobulin superfamily, is also localized at TJs, but it remains unclear how JAM is integrated into TJs. Immunoreplica electron microscopy revealed that JAM showed an intimate spatial relationship(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate accuracy of cardiac functional analysis with multi-detector row computed tomography (CT) and segmental reconstruction algorithm over a range of heart rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval was obtained. Informed consent was not required. Multi-detector row CT (500-msec rotation time, 8 x 1-mm detector(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma induce cell adhesion molecules in endothelial cells and promote transmigration of leukocytes across endothelial cells. However, when those two were administered together, leukocyte transmigration paradoxically decreased. We cloned a human and bovine homologue of the junctional adhesion molecule(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, elevation of circulating muscle-specific microRNA (miRNA) levels has been reported in patients with acute myocardial infarction. However, it is still unclear from which part of the myocardium or under what conditions miRNAs are released into circulating blood. The purpose of this study was to identify the source of elevated levels of(More)
In chronic kidney disease, fibroblast dysfunction causes renal fibrosis and renal anemia. Renal fibrosis is mediated by the accumulation of myofibroblasts, whereas renal anemia is mediated by the reduced production of fibroblast-derived erythropoietin, a hormone that stimulates erythropoiesis. Despite their importance in chronic kidney disease, the origin(More)
The nucleotide sequence of a 1,091-base pair cloned cDNA insert encoding bovine corticotropin-beta-lipotropin precursor mRNA is reported. The corresponding amino acid sequence indicates that the precursor protein consists of repetitive units and includes a third melanotropin sequence in its cryptic portion. Pairs of lysine and arginine residues separate the(More)
Receptor-mediated endocytosis of oxidized low density lipoprotein (OxLDL) by macrophages has been implicated in foam cell transformation in the process of atherogenesis. Although several scavenger receptor molecules, including class A scavenger receptors and CD36, have been identified as OxLDL receptors on macrophages, additional molecules on macrophages(More)