Toru Kambayashi

Learn More
The administration of cAMP-elevating agents affects a number of autoimmune and inflammatory conditions. Because dendritic cells (DCs) play a pivotal role in autoimmunity and inflammation, the isolated effects of cAMP-elevating agents on the function of DCs was examined. In a dose-dependent manner, 8-Bromo cAMP, prostaglandin E(2), and(More)
NKT cells express both NK cell-associated markers and TCR. Classically, these NK1.1+TCRalphabeta+ cells have been described as being either CD4+CD8- or CD4-CD8-. Most NKT cells interact with the nonclassical MHC class I molecule CD1 through a largely invariant Valpha14-Jalpha281 TCR chain in conjunction with either a Vbeta2, -7, or -8 TCR chain. In the(More)
The antigen recognized by the DX5 antibody (DX5 antigen) is expressed on all murine NK cells. In the present study we found that a proportion of CD8+ T cells (approximately 5%) also express the DX5 antigen in uninfected mice, and that numbers of CD8+ T cells expressing DX5 are significantly higher in the lungs of influenza virus-infected mice representing(More)
Both innate and adaptive immune responses play an important role in the recovery of the host from viral infections. In the present report, a subset of cells coexpressing CD8 and NKR-P1C (NK1.1) was found in the lungs of mice infected with influenza A virus. These cells were detected at low numbers in the lungs of uninfected mice, but represented up to 10%(More)
Because of its immunosuppressive properties, interleukin-10 (IL-10) is thought to play an important role in a number of human disease states, including inflammation, autoimmunity, and transplant rejection. In this study, we demonstrate that introduction of human or viral IL-10 genes into Burkitt's lymphoma cells markedly reduced their ability to grow as(More)
The biological function of 2B4, a CD48-binding molecule expressed on T cells with an activation/memory phenotype, is not clear. In this report, we demonstrate that proliferation of CD8(+) T cells is regulated by 2B4. Proliferative responses of CD8(+) T cells were significantly reduced by anti-2B4 Ab. The effects were not potentiated by anti-CD48 Ab,(More)
CD8(+) T cells are known to down-regulate the TCR complex upon ligation with its cognate MHC class I-peptide complex. In the present report, we demonstrate that stimulation of CD8(+) T cells with cytokines also leads to down-regulation of the TCR complex and TCR-associated surface molecules. A significant reduction of TCRalpha beta, CD3, CD8alpha and(More)
Natural killer cells have been shown to interact with MHC class I molecules via inhibitory receptors. However, it is not known whether the inhibition induced by MHC class I molecules requires other NK cell-target cell interactions. Thus, we examined whether purified MHC class I molecules alone were able to inhibit NK cell function. Purified H-2K(b) and(More)
T cells undergo activation-induced cell death (AICD) after T-cell receptor cross-linking in the absence of co-stimulation. In this study, we examined whether AICD induced by purified MHC class I molecules could be used to selectively eliminate tumor cells in T-cell malignancies. As a model, soluble H-2K(b) molecules refolded with the chicken ovalbumin(More)