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The administration of cAMP-elevating agents affects a number of autoimmune and inflammatory conditions. Because dendritic cells (DCs) play a pivotal role in autoimmunity and inflammation, the isolated effects of cAMP-elevating agents on the function of DCs was examined. In a dose-dependent manner, 8-Bromo cAMP, prostaglandin E(2), and(More)
The antigen recognized by the DX5 antibody (DX5 antigen) is expressed on all murine NK cells. In the present study we found that a proportion of CD8+ T cells (approximately 5%) also express the DX5 antigen in uninfected mice, and that numbers of CD8+ T cells expressing DX5 are significantly higher in the lungs of influenza virus-infected mice representing(More)
Both innate and adaptive immune responses play an important role in the recovery of the host from viral infections. In the present report, a subset of cells coexpressing CD8 and NKR-P1C (NK1.1) was found in the lungs of mice infected with influenza A virus. These cells were detected at low numbers in the lungs of uninfected mice, but represented up to 10%(More)
Because of its immunosuppressive properties, interleukin-10 (IL-10) is thought to play an important role in a number of human disease states, including inflammation, autoimmunity, and transplant rejection. In this study, we demonstrate that introduction of human or viral IL-10 genes into Burkitt's lymphoma cells markedly reduced their ability to grow as(More)
The biological function of 2B4, a CD48-binding molecule expressed on T cells with an activation/memory phenotype, is not clear. In this report, we demonstrate that proliferation of CD8(+) T cells is regulated by 2B4. Proliferative responses of CD8(+) T cells were significantly reduced by anti-2B4 Ab. The effects were not potentiated by anti-CD48 Ab,(More)
NKT cells express both NK cell-associated markers and TCR. Classically, these NK1.1+TCRalphabeta+ cells have been described as being either CD4+CD8- or CD4-CD8-. Most NKT cells interact with the nonclassical MHC class I molecule CD1 through a largely invariant Valpha14-Jalpha281 TCR chain in conjunction with either a Vbeta2, -7, or -8 TCR chain. In the(More)
Natural killer cells have been shown to interact with MHC class I molecules via inhibitory receptors. However, it is not known whether the inhibition induced by MHC class I molecules requires other NK cell-target cell interactions. Thus, we examined whether purified MHC class I molecules alone were able to inhibit NK cell function. Purified H-2K(b) and(More)
CD8(+) T cells are known to down-regulate the TCR complex upon ligation with its cognate MHC class I-peptide complex. In the present report, we demonstrate that stimulation of CD8(+) T cells with cytokines also leads to down-regulation of the TCR complex and TCR-associated surface molecules. A significant reduction of TCRalpha beta, CD3, CD8alpha and(More)
Vectors based on Semliki Forest virus (SFV) have been widely used in vitro and in vivo to express heterologous genes in animal cells. In particular, the ability of recombinant SFV (rSFV) to elicit specific, protective immune responses in animal models suggests that rSFV may be used as a vaccine vehicle. In this study, we examined the distribution of rSFV in(More)