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Huanglongbing (HLB) is one of the most devastating diseases of citrus worldwide, and is caused by a phloem-limited fastidious prokaryotic alpha-proteobacterium that is yet to be cultured. In this study, a combination of traditional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and real-time PCR targeting the putative DNA polymerase and 16S rDNA sequence of 'Candidatus(More)
The nucleotide sequences of genomic RNA1 (6795 nt) and RNA2 (5345 nt) of satsuma dwarf virus (SDV), a tentative member of the genus Nepovirus, were determined. The deduced genome organization of SDV showed similarities to the organization in como-, faba- and nepoviruses. There is extensive amino acid sequence similarity in the N-terminal regions of the(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic diversity and relationships among 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' isolates from different hosts and distinct geographical areas in Southeast Asia. Genetic diversity among 'Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus' was estimated by sequencing four well-characterized DNA fragments: the 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) and(More)
AIMS To investigate changes in bacterial counts in subgingival plaque from patients with acute periodontal abscess by IAI-PadoTest. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ninety-one patients were randomly allocated to either test or control groups. In all the patients, pockets with acute periodontal abscess were irrigated with sterilized physiological saline, and in the(More)
The sequences of the 3'-terminal 1306 and 2160 nucleotides of RNAs 1 and 2 of a virus serologically related to Satsuma dwarf virus (SDV) from Hyuganatsu ( Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tan.) were determined, respectively. We found that the partial RNA-dependent RNA polymerase region in RNA1 and the coat proteins (CPs) region in RNA2 of the virus tentatively(More)
The genus Nepovirus (family Comoviridae) was known both for a good level of homogeneity and for the presence of atypical members. In particular, the atypical members of the genus differed by the number of capsid protein (CP) subunits. While typical nepoviruses have a single CP subunit with three structural domains, atypical nepoviruses have either three(More)
Cycas necrotic stunt virus (CNSV) is the only well-characterized virus from gymnosperm. cDNA segments corresponding to the bipartite genome RNAs (RNA1, RNA2) were synthesized and sequenced. Each RNA encoded a single polyprotein, flanked by the 5' and 3' non-coding regions (NCR) and followed by a poly (A) tail. The putative polyproteins encoded by RNA1 and(More)
Ghrelin is a 28-amino acid residue endogenous growth hormone secretagogue. Intensive investigations revealed that the N-terminus tetrapeptide, having octanoyl group at Ser(3), is the minimum active core. In this study, we further explored the structure-function relationships of the active N-terminus portion of ghrelin using a Ca(2+) mobilization assay. The(More)
The nucleotide sequences of genome segments 1 and 3 of Rosellinia anti-rot virus (RArV) from a hypovirulent isolate, W370, of the plant pathogen Rosellinia necatrix were determined. The complete nucleotide sequence of the genome segment 1 encoded a putative RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RDRP). The deduced amino acid sequence of RDRP of RArV showed 29%(More)
A hypovirulent isolate, W370, of the white root rot fungus Rosellinia necatrix has previously been shown to harbour 12 dsRNA segments. In this study, complete nucleotide sequences of segments 2 and 5 of W370 dsRNAs were determined. The nucleotide sequence of genome segment 2 was 3773 bases long with a single long open reading frame (ORF) encoding 1226 amino(More)