Toru Imamura

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Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21, a structural relative of FGF23 that regulates phosphate homeostasis, is a regulator of insulin-independent glucose transport in adipocytes and plays a role in the regulation of body weight. It also regulates ketogenesis and adaptive responses to starvation. We report that in a reconstituted receptor activation assay system(More)
We quantified the mRNA expression of all 22 fibroblast growth factor family members (FGF) and their four receptors (FGFR) in adult mouse full-thickness skin at various stages of the hair growth cycle. We found that in addition to mRNA encoding FGF previously identified in skin (FGF1, 2, 5, 7, 10, 13, and 22), FGF18 mRNA was also strongly expressed.(More)
Hair follicles repeatedly cycle through growth (anagen), regression (catagen), and resting (telogen) phases. Although the signaling molecules involved in the anagen and anagen-catagen transition have been studied extensively, the signaling that controls telogen is only partly understood. Here we show that fibroblast growth factor (Fgf)18 is expressed in a(More)
BACKGROUND Many fibroblast growth factor family proteins (FGFs) bind to the heparan sulfate/heparin (HP) subtypes of sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), and a few have recently been reported to also interact with chondroitin sulfate (CS), another sulfated GAG subtype. METHODS To gain additional insight into this interaction, we prepared all currently(More)
The highly ordered process of wound healing involves the coordinated regulation of cell proliferation and migration and tissue remodeling, predominantly by polypeptide growth factors. Consequently, the slowing of wound healing that occurs in the aged may be related to changes in the activity of these various regulatory factors. To gain additional insight(More)
Using subtractive cloning, we identified a 1.4 kb mRNA that was ubiquitously expressed in various tissues; this mRNA was highly up-regulated in amygdala nuclei in mice when morphine was repeatedly administered but not when an opiate-receptor antagonist was co-administered. The mRNA encodes a 23 kDa protein, designated 'addicsin'. This contains two putative(More)
The effect of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) on synapse formation was investigated using rat cultured hippocampal neurons. Treatment with FGF-2 (0.4-10 ng/mL) for 6 days enhanced synaptogenesis on these neurons by approximately 50%, as determined by counting puncta immunostained for presynaptic- or postsynaptic-specific proteins. This enhancement was(More)
BACKGROUND Three major causative genes have been implicated as the cause of early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease (AD): the amyloid precursor protein gene (APP), presenilin-1 (PSEN1) and PSEN2. Although rare, a tau-related dementia with mutations in the microtubule-associated protein tau gene (MAPT) has been identified in patients showing clinical(More)
Patients rarely experience visual hallucinations while being observed by clinicians. Therefore, instruments to detect visual hallucinations directly from patients are needed. Pareidolias, which are complex visual illusions involving ambiguous forms that are perceived as meaningful objects, are analogous to visual hallucinations and have the potential to be(More)