Toru Hayakawa

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The nucleotide sequence of the Xestia c-nigrum granulovirus (XcGV) genome was determined and found to comprise 178,733 bases with a G+C content of 40.7%. It contained 181 putative genes of 150 nucleotides or greater that showed minimal overlap. Eighty-four of these putative genes, which collectively accounted for 43% of the genome, are homologs of genes(More)
OBJECTIVE Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are expressed in joint tissues of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). The objective of this study was to define the steady state levels of seven different MMPs and two tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) as well as the potential metalloproteinase activity in the synovial(More)
Here we report the cloning and functional characterization of a rat novel peptide/histidine transporter (PHT1), which was expressed in the brain and the retina. The cDNA encodes the predicted protein of 572 amino acid residues with 12 putative membrane-spanning domains. The amino acid sequence has moderate homology with a nonspecific peptide transporter(More)
The metabolism of arsenic is generally accepted to proceed by repetitive reduction and oxidative methylation; the latter is mediated by arsenic methyltransferase (Cyt19). In human urine, the major metabolites of inorganic arsenicals such as arsenite (iAsIII) and arsenate (iAsV) are monomethylarsonic acid (MMAV) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMAV). On the other(More)
The Plutella xylostella granulovirus (PxGV) genome DNA was sequenced and the predicted open reading frames (ORFs) were compared to genes of the first-sequenced GV, Xestia c-nigrum GV (XcGV), and those from other baculoviruses and organisms. PxGV DNA has a size of 100,999 bp with a G + C content of 40.7%. The analysis predicted 120 ORFs with a size of 150(More)
The role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP's) and their inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1), in human brain tumor invasion was investigated. Gelatinolytic activity was assayed via gelatin zymography, and four MMP's (MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, and MMP-9) and TIMP-1 were immunolocalized in human brain tumors and in normal brain tissues(More)
Inactivation of the CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase gene has provided an example of human-specific genomic mutation that results in a widespread biochemical difference between human and nonhuman primates. We have found that, although a region containing a 92-bp exon and an AluSq element in the hydroxylase gene is intact in all nonhuman primates(More)
Super-Kamiokande is the world’s largest water Cherenkov detector, with net mass 50,000 tons. During the period April, 1996 to July, 2001, Super-Kamiokande I collected 1678 live-days of data, observing neutrinos from the Sun, Present address: University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA. Present address: California Institute of Technology, Pasadena,(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) has been purified as an inactive zymogen of M(r) 92,000 (proMMP-9) from the culture medium of HT 1080 human fibrosarcoma cells. The NH2-terminal sequence of proMMP-9 is Ala-Pro-Arg-Gln-Arg-Gln-Ser-Thr-Leu-Val-Leu-Phe-Pro, which is identical to that of the 92-kDa type IV collagenase/gelatinase. The zymogen can be activated(More)
Human tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) has a potent growth-promoting activity for wide range of human, bovine and mouse cells, having an optimal concentration (10 ng/ml, 0.46 nM) that is ten-times lower than that of TIMP-1 (Hayakawa et al. (1992) FEBS Lett. 298, 29). Neither TIMP-1 complexed with progelatinase B nor TIMP-2 complexed with(More)