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Cigarette smoke (CS)-induced mitochondrial damage with increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production has been implicated in COPD pathogenesis by accelerating senescence. Mitophagy may play a pivotal role for removal of CS-induced damaged mitochondria, and the PINK1 (PTEN-induced putative kinase 1)-PARK2 pathway has been proposed as a crucial mechanism(More)
To elucidate the conditions of atrophy in the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) after modified neck dissection (MND), we tried to scrutinize the atrophic regions in the SCM and determine the cause of atrophy, by electromyography in 40 patients with SCM atrophy following MND. We also examined the detailed anatomy of the SCM in 40 cadavers. Atrophy was(More)
A 78-year-old male presented with the chief complaints of abdominal pain and vomiting. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography and abdominal angiography showed occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery due to thrombosis, and emergency percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement were carried out. Two months later, stent thrombosis developed,(More)
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