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AIM Previous studies suggest the homeostasis between acquisition of tolerance to the indigenous microflora and protective immune responses appears to be disrupted in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Some experimental studies indicate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) has been implicated as a regulator of intestinal inflammatory(More)
1. Low-voltage electrical stimulation (LVES) in skeletal muscle at a level far below the threshold of muscle contraction has been reported to promote local angiogenesis. However, the mechanism underlying the promotion of local angiogenesis by LVES has not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we evaluated whether angiogenic factors, such as vascular(More)
We provided psychological preparation to children who were hospitalized for endoscopy. We performed a multifaceted evaluation of the effects of the preparation to identify appropriate methods for individual children. The subjects were 20 children, ages 4 to 15 years (average 9.9 years), who were divided into 3 groups according to the preparation methods.(More)
To investigate the mechanism of the inhibitory effects of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) on bone resorption, the effects of murine IFN-γ on45Ca release from prelabeled fetal mouse forearm bones were investigated. Murine IFN-γ usually did not affect basal45Ca release but almost completely and equipotently inhibited bone resorption induced by PTH(1-34), PTH-rP(1-34),(More)
This study describes an approach to estimate the maximum friction between the pushbelt and pulley set in a mass-produced Continuously Variable Transmission. Up-todate friction knowledge is useful to accurately determine the maximum transmittable torque and to monitor the variator condition. Besides standard sensors, torque signals are assumed to be(More)
All four stereoisomers of 10,14-dimethyloctadec-1-ene, a sex pheromone component of the apple leafminer (Lyonetia prunifoliella: Lepidoptera), were synthesized starting from (R)- and (S)-propylene oxide by applying stereospecific inversion of chiral secondary tosylates as a key step. Field evaluation showed that male moths of the Japanese population were(More)
The role of cytomegalovirus infection in triggering systemic lupus erythematosus remains a subject of debate. Here, we present a case of childhood systemic lupus erythematosus with concomitant cytomegalovirus infection, which sheds light on the relationship between these conditions and their treatment in pediatric patients. A 12-year-old Japanese girl with(More)
We present a case report of a 67-year-old woman with rate-dependent left bundle-branch block (LBBB). Although coronary angiography demonstrated no significant obstructive lesions, a reversible focal defect developed on 201Tl myocardial scintigraphy when LBBB was induced by right-atrial pacing.