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Thirty-four (41%) of 83 hepatitis C virus (HCV) isolates from commercial blood donors in Vietnam were not classifiable into genotype I/1a, II/1b, III/2a, IV/2b, or V/3a; for 15 of them, the sequence was determined for 1.6 kb in the 5'-terminal region and 1.1 kb in the 3'-terminal region. Comparison of the 15 Vietnamese isolates among themselves and with(More)
Blood donors in two cities in Vietnam were tested for markers of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus infections. Antibody to HCV was detected by passive hemagglutination with antigens of the second generation in 101 (20.6%) of 491 donors in Ho Chi Minh City; it was detected less frequently (P < 0.001) in donors in hanoi (4 [0.8%] of 499). HCV RNA(More)
A nation-wide sero-epidemiologic survey of adult T-cell leukemia virus (ATLV), detected es anti-ATLA (ATLV-associated antigen), was made in Japan. Sera from adult donors in 15 different locations were screened for anti-ATLA. High incidences (6 to 37%) of antibody-positive donors were found in seven regions, one in northern Japan, and the others in(More)
We successfully isolated Cryptococcus neoformans from chicken faeces in suburban areas of Thailand. C. neoformans was isolated from 36/150 houses (24.0%) in the dry season and 6/150 (4.0%) in the rainy season. All environmental isolates were of serotype A. The high isolation rate of 24% from chicken faeces has never been reported previously. Our(More)
Adult T-cell leukemia virus (ATLV)-associated antigen was induced in normal human peripheral or cord lymphocytes by inoculation of cell-free ATLV from a producer line, MT-2. Induction of the antigen was much more efficient, when the cells were treated with phytohemagglutinin before infection. Most ATLV-specific antigen (ATLA)-positive cells induced by ATLV(More)
Mouse monoclonal antibodies, GIN-2, -7 and -14, against adult T-cell leukemia virus (ATLV) were prepared by a hybridoma procedure. These antibodies belonged to different subclasses of IgG, but they reacted similarly with both ATLV-specific polypeptides p19 and p28. In the reaction with monoclonal antibodies and various ATLV-producer cell lines, it was found(More)
The genetic and phenotypic characterization of poliovirus strain P3/Jinan/1/09, isolated from sewage sample in Jinan city, Shandong province, China, was described. The strain had a Sabin type 3/type 2/type 3 recombinant genome, with the first crossover site located in capsid VP1 coding region between nucleotide positions 3293 and 3294 (numbering according(More)
The human-pathogenic viruses in urban sewage have been extensively monitored to obtain information on circulating viruses in human communities. Enteroviruses (EVs) excreted by patients who present with diverse clinical syndromes can remain infectious in the environment for several weeks, and limited data on circulating environmental EVs are available. A(More)
A newly found human retrovirus, adult T-cell leukemia virus (ATLV) was shown by means of membrane immunofluorescence to bind to various hematopoietic cells including T-, B- and non-T, non-B-cell lines. Partially purified viral gp46 from culture fluids of ATL virus producer lines also bound efficiently to an ATLV-negative T-cell line, CCRF-CEM cells. When(More)