Toru Arai

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Cyclic depsipeptide FK228 with an intramolecular disulfide bond is a potent inhibitor of histone deacetylases (HDAC). FK228 is stable in blood because of its prodrug function, whose –SS– bond is reduced within the cell. Here, cyclic peptides with –SS– bridges between a variety of amino acids were synthesized and assayed for HDAC inhibition. Cyclic peptide(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The Japanese National Hospital Organization evidence-based medicine (EBM) Study group for Adverse effects of Corticosteroid therapy (J-NHOSAC) is a Japanese hospital-based cohort study investigating the safety of the initial use of glucocorticoids (GCs) in patients with newly diagnosed autoimmune diseases. Using the J-NHOSAC registry, the(More)
BACKGROUND The aims of this study were to retrospectively assess the change in findings on follow-up CT scans of patients with non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP; median, 72 months; range, 3-216 months) and to clarify the correlation between the baseline CT findings and mortality. METHODS The study included 50 patients with a histologic diagnosis(More)
Glucocorticoid (GC) therapy is associated with the risk of life-threatening adverse events in patients with autoimmune disease. To determine accurately the incidence and predictors of GC-related adverse events during initial GC treatment, we conducted a cohort study. Patients with autoimmune disease who were initially treated with GCs in Japan National(More)
BACKGROUND Although no report has demonstrated the efficacy of corticosteroid therapy for autoimmune pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (aPAP), we sometimes encounter patients who have received this therapy for various reasons. However, as corticosteroids can suppress alveolar macrophage function, corticosteroid therapy might worsen disease severity and(More)
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) has a heterogeneous clinical presentation and establishing prognosis for these patients is challenging. We investigated the clinical characteristics and outcome of patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs) and patients with connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD). We conducted a(More)
BACKGROUND Whole lung lavage (WLL) is the current standard of care treatment for patients affected by pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). However, WLL is not standardized and international consensus documents are lacking. Our aim was to obtain a factual portrayal of WLL as currently practiced with respect to the procedure, indications for its use,(More)
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