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RATIONALE Acquired pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a syndrome characterized by pulmonary surfactant accumulation occurring in association with granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor autoantibodies (autoimmune PAP) or as a consequence of another disease (secondary PAP). Because PAP is rare, prior reports were based on limited patient(More)
To elucidate the pathophysiology of pulmonary fibrosis, we investigated the involvement of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), which is one of the major signal transduction pathways of proinflammatory cytokines, in a murine model of bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis. p38 MAPK and its substrate, activating transcription factor (ATF)-2, in(More)
Bolus-administered intracerebroventricular (ICV) relaxin-3 has been reported to increase feeding. In this study, to examine the role of relaxin-3 signaling in energy homeostasis, we studied the effects of chronically administered ICV relaxin-3 on body weight gain and locomotor activity in rats. Two groups of animals received vehicle or relaxin-3 at 600(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether concurrent emphysema influences the distinction between usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) and nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) at thin-section computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional review board approval was obtained for this retrospective study; informed consent was not required. The study(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether measurements of lung attenuation at inspiration and expiration obtained from 3D lung reconstructions reflect the severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Seventy-six patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease underwent MDCT with 3D postprocessing at full(More)
RATIONALE Inhaled granulocyte/macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a promising therapy for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) but has not been adequately studied. OBJECTIVES To evaluate safety and efficacy of inhaled GM-CSF in patients with unremitting or progressive PAP. METHODS We conducted a national, multicenter, self-controlled, phase(More)
The anti-granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) autoantibody is inferred to cause idiopathic pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (iPAP): the antibody neutralizes GM-CSF and thereby impairs differentiation of alveolar macrophages. Administration of GM-CSF improves respiratory function of patients with iPAP, as confirmed in this study using(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The Japanese National Hospital Organization evidence-based medicine (EBM) Study group for Adverse effects of Corticosteroid therapy (J-NHOSAC) is a Japanese hospital-based cohort study investigating the safety of the initial use of glucocorticoids (GCs) in patients with newly diagnosed autoimmune diseases. Using the J-NHOSAC registry, the(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (IPAP) is a rare disease characterized by excessive amounts of lipoproteinaceous material in the alveolus. This report presents an interim analysis of nationwide epidemiological data from Japanese patients with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, and the roles of serum markers for IPAP. (i) The nationwide demographic(More)
A 38-year-old woman presented with worsening cough, blood eosinophilia, and pulmonary infiltrates. Bronchoalveolar lavage showed 96.4% eosinophils. The diagnosis of visceral larva migrans (VLM) was made based on the positive results in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for Toxocara canis together with clinical symptoms and laboratory data. Pulmonary(More)