Toru Adachi

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[1] The Imager for Sprites and Upper Atmospheric Lightning (ISUAL) on the FORMOSAT-2 spacecraft observes Transient Luminous Events (TLE) like sprites, elves, and halos from space. We analyzed halos that were observed in Central America close enough to ELF/VLF receivers that allowed for the determination of the polarity of the parent lightning. All halos(More)
[1] The Imager for Sprites and Upper Atmospheric Lightning (ISUAL) on the Taiwanese FORMOSAT-2 (formerly ROCSAT-2) spacecraft is the first global observatory of transient luminous events (TLEs). During the first 4 months of operation a large number of elves were observed. Elves are obvious with their far ultraviolet (FUV) signature that is less attenuated(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether melancholia differs from nonmelancholic depression in frontotemporal functioning by means of multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy. We recruited 32 major depressive disorder (MDD) patients with melancholic features (MDD-MF), 28 MDD patients with nonmelancholic features (MDD-NMF), and 24 healthy controls.(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on major depressive disorder (MDD) show that the degree of correlation between the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) varies widely. We aimed to determine whether this discrepancy reflects specific functional abnormalities in the frontotemporal cortex. METHODS Mildly depressed or euthymic(More)
BACKGROUND Neuroimaging studies using multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) have provided compelling evidence about the dysfunction of the frontotemporal cortices in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). However, it remains unclear whether the dysfunction is associated with mood state or symptom severity. Using NIRS, we aimed to clarify differences(More)
This study aimed to determine whether quality of life (QOL) reflects specific functional abnormalities of frontotemporal hemodynamic responses in melancholia. We recruited 30 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) with melancholic features (MDD-MF), 52 with non-melancholic features (MDD-NMF), and 68 healthy control subjects who were matched for age,(More)
ISUAL spectrophotometer and Duke magnetometer observed clear optical and radio signatures of 12 sprite-producing lightning events. In 10 of these, 777.4-nm luminosity normalized to a distance of 3000 km was almost linearly correlated with current moment with a scaling factor of $0.82 MR/kAkm. This finding provides a possible new way to remotely measure(More)
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