Torsten Trittel

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Granular gases are convenient model systems to investigate the statistical physics of nonequilibrium systems. In the literature, one finds numerous theoretical predictions, but only few experiments. We study a weakly excited dilute gas of rods, confined in a cuboid container in microgravity during a suborbital rocket flight. With respect to a gas of(More)
We have investigated the dynamics of freely floating smectic bubbles using high-speed optical imaging. Bubbles in the size range from a few hundred micrometers to several centimeters were prepared from collapsing catenoids. They represent ideal model systems for the study of thin-film fluid dynamics under well-controlled conditions. Owing to the internal(More)
Stable fluid filaments with diameters of several micrometers and slenderness ratios well above 1000 are unique objects formed by some liquid crystalline phases of bent-core mesogens. We present a technique to determine filament tensions from their deflection under defined loads. A strong temperature dependence is observed, with a minimum near the clearing(More)
The tilt angle of smectic C phases can be controlled by external forces of very different nature. In particular near a smectic A-smectic C transition, it is susceptible to temperature changes. It can be influenced with electric fields (electroclinic effect), and even mechanically by intra-layer stresses in elastomers. We show that capillary forces that act(More)
Outflow of granular material through a small orifice is a fundamental process in many industrial fields, for example in silo discharge, and in everyday's life. Most experimental studies of the dynamics have been performed so far with monodisperse disks in two-dimensional (2D) hoppers or spherical grains in 3D. We investigate this process for(More)
The experimental realization and investigation of granular gases usually require an initial or permanent excitation of ensembles of particles, either mechanically or electromagnetically. One typical method is the energy supply by a vibrating plate or container wall. We study the efficiency of such an excitation of cylindrical particles by a sinusoidally(More)
Because of their layered structure, thermotropic smectic mesogens can form stable foams. In this study, two-dimensional foams of 8CB are prepared in the smectic A phase. We determine the structures of the foam cells and study the aging dynamics. Three stages of foam evolution are distinguished. The freshly prepared foam consists of multilayers of small(More)
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