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When a switch between two tasks has to be carried out, performance is slower than in trials where the same task is performed repeatedly. This finding has been attributed to time-consuming control processes required for task switching. Previous results of other paradigms investigating cognitive control processes suggested that prefrontal cortex is involved(More)
We report a study that investigated the neuroanatomical correlates of executive functions in dual-task performance with functional magnetic resonance imaging. Participants performed an auditory and a visual three-choice reaction task either separately as single tasks or concurrently as dual tasks. In the dual-task condition, two stimuli were presented in(More)
We examined the relation of action video game practice and the optimization of executive control skills that are needed to coordinate two different tasks. As action video games are similar to real life situations and complex in nature, and include numerous concurrent actions, they may generate an ideal environment for practicing these skills (Green &(More)
In the present study, a working memory paradigm was used to assess coordinative abilities required for the flexible control of a sequence of actions. Subjects had to maintain and recall a list of digits that functioned as an ensemble of activity cues used for guiding a sequence of forced-choice responses. In three task conditions, the demand on the(More)
A basic characteristic of the human action and cognition system is the occurrence of interference when participants attempt to perform two tasks at the same time. Such interference has been studied for a long time with so-called overlapping dual tasks, where two stimuli presented in rapid succession require separate responses. As an indicator of(More)
A crucial demand in dual tasks suffering from a capacity limited processing mechanism is task-order scheduling, i.e. the control of the order in which the two component tasks are processed by this limited processing mechanism. The present study aims to test whether the lateral prefrontal cortex (LPFC) is associated with this demand. For this, 15(More)
Using a classical psychological refractory period (PRP) paradigm we investigated whether increased interference between dual-task input processes is one possible source of dual-task deficits in patients with closed-head injury (CHI). Patients and age-matched controls were asked to give speeded motor reactions to an auditory and a visual stimulus. The(More)
Recent fMRI studies suggest that the inferior frontal sulcus (IFS) is involved in the coordination of interfering processes in dual-task situations. The present study aims to further specify this assumption by investigating whether the compatibility between stimulus and response modalities modulates dual-task-related activity along the IFS. It has been(More)
We investigated cortical areas involved in the control of self-determined finger movements. In a tapping task, subjects tapped with different movement frequencies in two different movement conditions (predetermined vs self-determined). fMRI provided evidence for the involvement of the horizontal and ascending parts of the intraparietal sulcus (IPS), the(More)
In the task-switching paradigm, mixing costs indicate the performance costs to mix two different tasks, while switch costs indicate the performance costs to switch between two sequentially presented tasks. Applying tasks with bivalent stimuli and responses, many studies demonstrated substantial mixing and switch costs and a reduction of these costs as a(More)