Torsten Juelich

Learn More
Peripheral tolerance induction is critical for the maintenance of self-tolerance and can be mediated by immunoregulatory T cells or by direct induction of T-cell anergy or deletion. Although the molecular processes underlying anergy have been extensively studied, little is known about the molecular basis for peripheral T-cell deletion. Here, we determined(More)
Enterocytes are specialized to absorb nutrients from the lumen of the small intestine by expressing a select set of genes to maximize the uptake of nutrients. They develop from stem cells in the crypt and differentiate into mature enterocytes while moving along the crypt-villus axis. Using the Slc6a19 gene as an example, encoding the neutral amino acid(More)
CD1d-dependent NKT cells represent a heterogeneous family of effector T cells including CD4(+)CD8(-) and CD4(-)CD8(-) subsets that respond to glycolipid Ags with rapid and potent cytokine production. NKT cell development is regulated by a unique combination of factors, however very little is known about factors that control the development of NKT subsets.(More)
Changes in chromatin composition are often a prerequisite for gene induction. Nonallelic histone variants have recently emerged as key players in transcriptional control and chromatin modulation. While the changes in chromatin accessibility and histone posttranslational modification (PTM) distribution that accompany gene induction are well documented, the(More)
In some mammalian systems small interfering RNAs (siRNA) targeting homologous sequences in promoter regions of genes induce transcriptional gene silencing (TGS). We have previously reported the induction of TGS by an siRNA (prom-A siRNA) targeting the tandem NF-kappaB-binding motifs within the human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 (HIV-1), promoter region.(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) plays a key role in myeloid cell function and is rapidly and transiently expressed in T cells in response to immune or inflammatory stimuli. Induction of GM-CSF gene expression is accompanied by changes in chromatin structure across the proximal promoter region of the gene. We show that the promoter(More)
The regulatory protein Vpr of the human immunodeficiency virus HIV-1 performs multiple functions during the HIV replicative cycle. It is involved in the transport of the viral preintegration complex into the nucleus, and has the ability to interact with nuclear proteins such as transcription factors and cyclin-dependent kinases. In this study we examine for(More)
Anabolic androgenic steroids (AS) have recently been placed on the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) list of controlled substances, because of the adverse effects seen in athletes taking accelerated dosages in attempts to enhance performance. Reported deleterious effects on abusers include sterility, gynecomastia in males, acne, balding, psychological(More)
The role of chromatin remodeling and histone posttranslational modifications and how they are integrated to control gene expression during the acquisition of cell-specific functions is poorly understood. We show here that following in vitro activation of CD4 ؉ and CD8 ؉ T lymphocytes, both cell types show rapid histone H3 loss at the granzyme B (gzmB)(More)
Amino acid uptake in the intestine and kidney is mediated by a variety of amino acid transporters. To understand the role of epithelial neutral amino acid uptake in whole body homeostasis, we analyzed mice lacking the apical broad-spectrum neutral (0) amino acid transporter B(0)AT1 (Slc6a19). A general neutral aminoaciduria was observed similar to human(More)