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The acute i.p. administration of alcohol (EtOH) to freely moving, nonanesthetized rats caused dose-related elevations in plasma adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and corticosterone levels. In vivo, injection of anticorticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) serum (i.v.) totally abolished this stimulatory effect, suggesting that the induction of CRF secretion by EtOH(More)
A PCR approach was used to clone thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptors (TRH-R) from the brain and anterior pituitary of the teleost Catostomus commersoni (cc), the white sucker. Two distinct TRH-R, designated ccTRH-R1 and ccTRH-R2, were identified. ccTRH-R1 was similar to mammalian TRH-R of the subtype 1, whereas ccTRH-R2 exhibited the highest identity(More)
It has been suggested that ACTH secretion in response to selected stimuli may be modulated by angiotensin II (AII) via direct action at the level of the corticotrope or through central actions to facilitate CRF secretion into the hypophysial-portal circulation. These hypotheses were evaluated in the present series of experiments. Our failure to observe a(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor-like immunoreactivity (CRF) and plasma ACTH were measured in rats bearing bilateral lesions of the paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Four to 6 days after stereotaxic surgery, CRF-like immunoreactivity content of the stalk-median eminence was reduced by 87-90% and the ACTH response to a 3-min ether stress was greatly attenuated(More)
The hypophysiotropic coding of ACTH secretion resulting from insulin-induced hypoglycemia was investigated in urethane-anesthetized fasted rats. The participation of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), arginine vasopressin (AVP), and catecholamines in the ACTH response was first investigated by systemic administration of CRF antiserum, an AVP pressor(More)
Although there is much evidence indicating that glucocorticoids (GC) inhibit the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis in both rat and man in vivo, there have been no previous studies on the direct effect of GC on hypothalamic TRH neurons in vitro. In this laboratory, we developed fetal rat (day 17) diencephalic neuronal cultures in the presence of(More)
The present studies were undertaken to investigate the effect of gender on thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) gene expression in cultured anterior pituitary (AP) cells. AP cells derived from 15-day-old male, female, or female pups that had been neonatally treated with testosterone propionate (TP), were cultured for up to 18 days in a modified DMEM/L-15(More)
Angiotensin II (AII)-immunoreactive cell bodies were found in all parts of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVH) in the normal, colchicine-treated rat. The greatest concentration of cells was found in the posterior part of the magnocellular division of the nucleus, while scattered cells were found in all 5 parts of the parvocellular(More)
To determine the effect of thyroid status on proTRH-derived peptide processing and secretion, the content and release of TRH and prepro-TRH25-50 (PYE27), as well as somatostatin (SRIF) from median eminence (ME) or olfactory lobe (OL) tissue was studied in the rat. In hypothyroid animals treated by thyroidectomy (Tx), the ME content of TRH and PYE27 was(More)
Microbial studies of the Mediterranean sponge Tethya aurantium led to the isolation of the fungus Bartalinia robillardoides strain LF550. The strain produced a number of secondary metabolites belonging to the chloroazaphilones. This is the first report on the isolation of chloroazaphilones of a fungal strain belonging to the genus Bartalinia. Besides some(More)