Torsten B Neilands

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BACKGROUND There is widespread interest in measuring healthcare provider attitudes about issues relevant to patient safety (often called safety climate or safety culture). Here we report the psychometric properties, establish benchmarking data, and discuss emerging areas of research with the University of Texas Safety Attitudes Questionnaire. METHODS Six(More)
OBJECTIVES Investigate the psychometric characteristics of the coping self-efficacy (CSE) scale, a 26-item measure of one's confidence in performing coping behaviors when faced with life challenges. DESIGN Data came from two randomized clinical trials (N1=149, N2=199) evaluating a theory-based Coping Effectiveness Training (CET) intervention in reducing(More)
Gay men in relationships are often overlooked in HIV prevention efforts, yet many engage in sexual behaviors that increase their HIV risk and some seroconvert as a result. While different aspects of gay male relationships have been studied, such as sexual agreements, relationship characteristics, and couple serostatus, little research combines these(More)
This article describes agreements gay male couples make about sex outside the relationship and how the process of making those agreements, and their perceived quality, varies depending on couple serostatus. Data include 191 couples recruited in the San Francisco Bay Area from June to December 2004. Monogamous agreements were reported by 56% of participants(More)
Adherence to HIV treatment, including adherence to antiretroviral (ART) medication regimens, is paramount in the management of HIV. Self-efficacy for treatment adherence has been identified as an important correlate of medication adherence in the treatment of HIV and other medical conditions. This paper describes the validation of the HIV Treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Executive walk rounds (EWRs) are a widely used but unstudied activity designed to improve safety culture in hospitals. Therefore, we measured the impact of EWRs on one important part of safety culture -- provider attitudes about the safety climate in the institution. METHODS Randomized study of EWRs for 23 clinical units in a tertiary care(More)
The calamitous effects of HIV in Africa demand novel approaches to prevention. Young people are an ideal target as early intervention may have long-term benefits. Given their high social status, professional soccer players may be effective in HIV education as role models and educators. In our study, professional soccer players provided HIV education in an(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the extent to which HIV-infected patients, including those with advanced immunodeficiency, can reverse peripheral CD4 T-cell depletion while maintaining long-term viral suppression on highly active antiretroviral therapy. DESIGN Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS Four-hundred and twenty-three HIV-infected patients who initiated HAART(More)
Gay and bisexual men carry the burden of HIV infections in the United States and have high rates of childhood sexual abuse that predict HIV and other health outcomes. This study examined differential effects of forced, consensual, and no childhood sexual experiences (CSE) on health outcomes among a probability sample of adult men who have sex with men(More)
We examined testing rates for HIV-negative men (N = 752) from a sample of gay male couples. Approximately half (52 %) tested in the past year. Among men who had engaged in sexual risk behavior in the past 3 months, 27 % tested within that period and 65 % within the past year. For men in concordant relationships these rates were 25 and 60 %, for men in(More)