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In diabetic patients long-term treatment with timolol after myocardial infarction was related to a reduction in overall mortality, total cardiac death, sudden death, and nonfatal reinfarction, compared with patients in a placebo group. The analyses were based on 99 diabetic patients in the Norwegian timolol multicenter study. The dosage of timolol was 10 mg(More)
Pharmacological therapy in cases of chronic congestive heart failure (CHF) is usually evaluated by maximal exercise time. To assess the effect of an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, ramipril, 223 patients with moderate CHF were studied in 24 centres in four Nordic countries in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group design.(More)
The mechanics of movement of the ossicular chain has been investigated on human temporal bone preparations by means of time average holography. The malleus and incus moved like a lever around an axis, which position was somewhat dependent upon frequency. Simulation of contraction of the muscles of the middle ear gave as result a change in the pattern of(More)
BACKGROUND A multicentre study permits rapid recruitment of a large number of patients. However, there is a risk of heterogeneities in end-point evaluations, as complex definitions of criteria are interpreted by several local investigators from different hospitals. Reports discussing end-point evaluation are sparse. The TRIM trial was a multicentre trial of(More)
Since 1975 several studies have indicated that treatment with beta-adrenergic blocking drugs has a positive effect on prognosis in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. After myocardial infarction, treatment with timolol and propranolol improves prognosis in patients with symptoms of cardiomegaly and heart failure. In patients with idiopathic dilated(More)
For 68 temporal bones, frequency curves for the round window volume displacement have been measured for a constant sound pressure at the eardrum. Phase curves were measured for 33 of the specimens. The levels averaged amplitude curve is approximately flat below 1 kHz, where the round window volume displacement per unit sound pressure at the eardrum is 6.8 X(More)
Extracochlear electrical stimulation was carried out in 7 patients. We used square-wave signals. Electrode positions at the oval and round window showed the lowest current thresholds. The threshold of sound sensations elicited by electrical stimulation was higher in the high frequency than in the low frequency range. All 7 patients had hearing sensations(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation and matrix degradation may play a pathogenic role in chronic heart failure (CHF), and therefore, we examined whether thalidomide, a drug with potential immunomodulating and matrix-stabilizing properties, could improve left ventricular (LV) function in patients with CHF secondary to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) or coronary(More)
To test the hypothesis that a statin could reduce the recurrence rate of atrial fibrillation after electrical cardioversion (EC), we performed an open, controlled multicenter study. Patients (n = 114) who had atrial fibrillation >48 hours and who were scheduled for EC were randomized to receive 40 mg of pravastatin once daily for 3 weeks before and 6 weeks(More)
The Norwegian Multicenter Group Study noted the effect of smoking habits before and after myocardial infarction and their relation to mortality and reinfarction rate after treatment with timolol in patients surviving acute myocardial infarction. The mean follow up period was 17.3 (range 12-33) months. No relation was found between initial smoking habits and(More)