Toro Nakahara

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Culture conditions of Schizochytrium limacinum SR21 for the purpose of microbial docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) production were investigated. The strain SR21 showed a wide tolerance to salinity; that is, the optimum salinity was between 50% and 200% that of sea water. Monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and glycerol supported good cell growth and DHA yield.(More)
Seven strains of marine microbes producing a significant amount of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; C22:6, n-3) were screened from seawater collected in coastal areas of Japan and Fiji. They accumulate their respective intermediate fatty acids in addition to DHA. There are 5 kinds of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) profiles which can be described as (1)(More)
Schizochytrium limacinum SR21, a thraustochytrid (Labyrinturomycota), is a heterotrophic marine microorganism. SR21 has attracted recent attention because of the production of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). We obtained highly concentrated SR21 zoospores and successfully observed synchronous growth. We investigated changes of lipid content and fatty acid(More)
A novel method is proposed for the production of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) by labyrinthulids. The method comprises a monoxenic culture with Psychlobacter phenylpyruvicus, using agar medium in which oil was dispersed. Soybean oil (SBO) was selected as the optimum material for an oil-dispersed agar medium. The labyrinthulids showed(More)
We show here that a new labyrinthulid strain, L72, isolated from a fallen leaf in the Seto Inland Sea of Japan, produced only docohexaenoic acid (DHA) among all the long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs). The main fatty acid composition was 16:0 (28.9%), 18:0 (7.2%), 18:1 (5.7%), 18:2 (10.4%), and DHA (45.9%) without any other LCPUFA. The lipid(More)
We report the efficacy and safety of endovascular treatment of basilar tip aneurysms (BTA) in five patients with moyamoya disease. The patients underwent intra-aneurysmal embolisation with detachable platinum coils. Three BTA presented with subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH); the other two were asymptomatic. In four cases, one embolisation procedure produced(More)
In an attempt to clarify the mechanism of lipid accumulation inMortierella ramanniana var.angulispora, diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) in the membrane fraction from this fungus was characterized. The enzyme had an optimum pH of 7.0–7.5, and enzyme activity was blocked by SH-reagents. Metal ions were not essential for maintaining DGAT(More)
Me2SO is a polar solvent that is widely used in biochemistry, pharmacology, and industry. Although there are several reports in the literature concerning the biological effects of Me2SO, the total cellular response remains unclear. In this paper, DNA microarray technology combined with the hierarchical clustering bioinformatics tool was used to assess the(More)
The survival of a variety of species of microorganism following storage for up to 20 years has been analyzed. The organisms were freeze-dried, sealed in ampoules under vacuum (<1 Pa) and stored in the dark at 5 degrees C. The yeast that was tested, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, showed only 8% survival when recovered shortly after freeze-drying, but subsequent(More)
A new isolation method for labyrinthulids, marine microbes with spindle-shaped vegetative cells and gliding movement, is presented. The method for isolating labyrinthulids has been found to be more difficult and less reproducible than that for thraustochytrids, classified in the same order. So far serum seawater agar fortified with antibiotics has been(More)