Tormod A. M. Egeland

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Patients with highly hypoxic primary tumors show increased frequency of locoregional treatment failure and poor survival rates and may benefit from particularly aggressive treatment. The potential of gadolinium diethylene-triamine penta-acetic acid-based dynamic contrast-enhanced-MRI in assessing tumor hypoxia was investigated in this preclinical study.(More)
Clinical studies have shown that patients with highly hypoxic primary tumors may have poor disease-free and overall survival rates. Studies of experimental tumors have revealed that acutely hypoxic cells may be more metastatic than normoxic or chronically hypoxic cells. In the present work, causal relations between acute cyclic hypoxia and metastasis were(More)
Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) has been suggested to be a valuable method for characterizing the physiological microenvironment of tumors and thus a promising method for individualizing cancer treatment. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that valid parametric images of the tumor microenvironment can be obtained(More)
PURPOSE Patients with advanced cervical cancer and highly hypoxic primary tumors show increased frequency of locoregional treatment failure and poor disease-free and overall survival rates. The potential usefulness of gadolinium-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA)-based dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) in assessing(More)
A noninvasive method for assessment of the extent of hypoxia in experimental and human tumors is highly needed. In this study, the potential usefulness of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) was investigated, using gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA) as contrast agent and A-07 human melanoma xenografts as tumor model. DCE-MRI was(More)
To establish and characterize experimental tumor models of advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Permanent cell lines (CK-160 and TS-415) were established from pelvic lymph node metastases of two cervical carcinoma patients. Xenografted tumors were initiated by inoculating 5 × 105 cells into the gastrocnemius muscle of BALB/c nu/nu mice.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Biomarkers that can predict the outcome of treatment accurately are needed for treatment individualization in advanced carcinoma of the uterine cervix. The potential of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) was investigated in the present preclinical study. MATERIALS AND METHODS CK-160 and TS-415 human(More)
The potential usefulness of gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA)-based dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) for assessing hypoxia in tumors with significant necrosis was investigated. Small (100-350 mm(3)) and large (500-1000 mm(3)) D-12 and U-25 tumors were subjected to DCE-MRI, measurement of the fraction of necrotic tissue, and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA)-based dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) may be a useful method for assessing fraction of radiobiologically hypoxic cells in tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS A-07 and R-18 human melanoma xenografts were used as preclinical tumor models. DCE-MRI was performed at a(More)
BACKGROUND The prognostic and predictive value of magnetic resonance (MR) investigations in clinical oncology may be improved by implementing strategies for discriminating between viable and necrotic tissue in tumors. The purpose of this preclinical study was to investigate whether the extent of necrosis in tumors can be assessed by dynamic(More)
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