Torgrim Solstad

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Because (of) is ambiguous between a ‘reason’ and a ‘plain cause’ interpretation. Presenting a semantic analysis within the framework of Discourse Representation Theory, I argue that because (of) always denotes a causal relation between causing facts and caused entites of various sorts and that its interpretational variance is dependent on the ontological(More)
Modelling the semantics of the German causal preposition durch (’by’, ’by means of’, ’through’) poses a challenge to formal-semantic analyses applying mechanisms of strict compositionality. To deal with this challenge, a formalism which is based on recent important developments in Discourse Representation Theory is developed, including a more elaborate(More)
Starting off from common assumptions on the relationship between ambiguity and the process of disambiguation with regard to the technique of underspecification, we argue that disambiugation may be viewed as non-monotonic in nature in certain cases involving anaphora resolution. We then go on to present a formal analysis framed in a coupling of Discourse(More)
The paper develops a new perspective on the semantics and pragmatics of adjectival passives that focuses on their characteristic context dependency. Adjectival passives are analyzed as a flexible grammatical means of creating a potentially new ad hoc property based on the verbal event by which the subject referent is categorized according to contextually(More)
The sentence With these three shirts and four pairs of pants, one can make twelve different outfits does not entail that one can dress twelve persons. The article proposes an analysis of “configurational” entities like outfits as individual concepts. It investigates the interaction of noun phrases based on such nouns with temporal and modal operators and in(More)
We present a formal game-theoretic model towards the explanation of implicatures based on the computation of iterated best responses: literal meaning of signals constitutes their default interpretation, and rational communicators decide about their communicative strategies by iteratively calculating the best response to this default strategy. We demonstrate(More)