Tord E Kjellström

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This paper presents benchmark (BMD) calculations and additional regression analyses of data from a study in which scores from 26 scholastic and psychological tests administered to 237 6- and 7-year-old New Zealand children were correlated with the mercury concentration in their mothers' hair during pregnancy. The original analyses of five test scores found(More)
Cadmium has been determined in 26 brands of cigarettes purchased in eight different countries throughout the world and in 16 different samples of cigarettes produced in Sweden between 1918 and 1968. In addition the amount of cadmium released from smoking one cigarette to the particulate phase collected from a smoking simulation machine, corresponding to the(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the size, overlap and mortality of four cardiovascular risk groups, in order to give a scientific background for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in a representative urban population. SETTING Section of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Malmö University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden. SUBJECTS Between 1974 and 1984(More)
In a prospective study all positive phlebographies within the well-defined population of the city of Malmö, Sweden, during 1987 were studied in order to determine the incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Epidemiological data were analysed for the detection of patient groups at increased risk of DVT. The incidence was found to be equal for both sexes,(More)
Several epidemiological studies of workers exposed to cadmium indicate an increased risk of lung and prostatic cancer. The increase is statistically significant in some of the studies but the SMR is greater than 100 in almost all. A cohort study of the mortality among 522 Swedish workers exposed to cadmium for at least one year in a nickel-cadmium battery(More)
Cadmium and zinc have been analyzed in tissues from 292 persons autopsied in Stockholm. In kidney cortex, liver, and pancreas the individual cadmium levels are distributed in a lognormal way. In kidney cortex there is a continuous accumulation of cadmium with age up to 50 years, followed by a decrease. Smokers show a higher cadmium accumulation. For(More)
The biological half-time of cadmium in the blood of previously exposed workers was estimated after the cessation of exposure. Five men were followed for a period of 10 to 13 years. One-compartment and two-compartment exponential elimination models were used to describe the decrease in blood cadmium levels over time. The best fit to the observed data was(More)
Over the years, estimates have been made of the portions of human mortality and morbidity that can be attributed to environmental factors. Frustratingly, however, even for a single category of disease such as cancer, these estimates have often varied widely. Here we attempt to explain why such efforts have come to such different results in the past and to(More)
This paper discusses the links among health, environment, and sustainable development and presents a framework that extends from the epidemiological domain to the policy domain and includes the driving forces that generate environmental pressures, creating changes in the state of the environment and eventually contributing to human exposures. Health effects(More)