Torbjorn A Fredriksen

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Criteria for the diagnosis of cervicogenic headache are proposed, which include unilateral head pain, symptoms and signs of neck involvement, non-clustering episodic moderate pain originating in the neck then spreading to the head, and response to root or nerve blockade; plus rarer and non-obligatory features such as autonomic disturbances, dizziness,(More)
Three grown-up males with a long-lasting history of rather uniform, unilateral headache in the ocular-periocular area, in cluster fashion, are examined. Pain paroxysms of short duration (15-60 sec) appear up to 5-30 times per h. The headache is unilateral without side shift. Conjunctival injection appears at the very beginning of the attack and is partly(More)
Entrapment of the greater occipital nerve (GON) in its peripheral course has been thought to be of possible pathogenic significance in cervicogenic headache. We have performed a "liberation" operation ("neurolysis") of the nerve in the nuchal musculature, with special attention to the trapezius insertion, and the follow-up results in 50 patients are(More)
Eleven patients with cervicogenic headache took part in a radiological diagnostic workup related to the head and neck. All the patients were female with a mean age of 43 years (range 25-59) at the onset of the study. Cerebral and cervical computer tomography as well as standard X-ray of the spine were carried out in all patients. Six patients underwent(More)
Two female patients, one with chronic paroxysmal hemicrania and one with hemicrania continua, had a continuously high requirement of indomethacin, ie, > or = 225 mg per day, for 4 and 7 years, respectively. In the hemicrania continua patient, a right (symptomatic side) C7 root affection due to disc herniation was demonstrated. Removal of the disc relieved(More)
The clinical manifestations of supraorbital neuralgia are apparently only incompletely known. The lack of awareness of this head pain may possibly be due to its rarity and problems with making the diagnosis. In the present work, the long-term result of minor, decompressive surgery of the supraorbital nerve in five patients is reported. The immediate(More)
Forty-nine multiple sclerosis patients with bladder symptoms and/or walking disability were subjected to a therapeutic trial with electrical spinal cord stimulation and transcutaneous electrical stimulation, a second aim being to compare these two treatments. A clear subjective improvement in bladder symptoms was achieved in the majority of the cases, and(More)
The patient, a 50-year old female had been suffering from right-sided head- and neck pain since she was 31 years of age. It started in connection with an indirect neck trauma. Analgesics were of little or no avail and operative procedures, including liberation of the greater occipital nerve (GON) (n = 2) and decompression of the C2 ganglion/root, had only a(More)
The concept that headache might stem from the neck is old. The term "cervicogenic headache" was coined in 1983. A new content was then given to this concept: cervicogenic headache (CEH) is in principle a unilateral headache, generally starting in the neck and "spreading" forwards. A strict unilaterality--that is, absolutely no pain on the opposite side--is(More)