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Three grown-up males with a long-lasting history of rather uniform, unilateral headache in the ocular-periocular area, in cluster fashion, are examined. Pain paroxysms of short duration (15-60 sec) appear up to 5-30 times per h. The headache is unilateral without side shift. Conjunctival injection appears at the very beginning of the attack and is partly(More)
The concept that headache might stem from the neck is old. The term "cervicogenic headache" was coined in 1983. A new content was then given to this concept: cervicogenic headache (CEH) is in principle a unilateral headache, generally starting in the neck and "spreading" forwards. A strict unilaterality--that is, absolutely no pain on the opposite side--is(More)
Criteria for the diagnosis of cervicogenic headache are proposed, which include unilateral head pain, symptoms and signs of neck involvement, non-clustering episodic moderate pain originating in the neck then spreading to the head, and response to root or nerve blockade; plus rarer and non-obligatory features such as autonomic disturbances, dizziness,(More)
Thirty-two patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage of unknown etiology were followed for periods from 1 to 6 1/2 years. Two more patients had normal initial angiograms, but were excluded when repeat angiography revealed an aneurysm. The mortality rate in this series was 6%. There was one possible early and no late episode of rebleeding. One patient developed(More)
Entrapment of the greater occipital nerve (GON) in its peripheral course has been thought to be of possible pathogenic significance in cervicogenic headache. We have performed a "liberation" operation ("neurolysis") of the nerve in the nuchal musculature, with special attention to the trapezius insertion, and the follow-up results in 50 patients are(More)
The main criteria of "cervicogenic headache" are considered to be as follows: relatively rare and long-lasting unilateral attacks of severe headache, although seemingly of a non-excruciating character, signs of neck involvement, and lack of "cluster pattern". In the present communication, the clinical manifestations in 11 patients fulfilling these criteria(More)
It is well known that migraine with aura may coexist with various unilateral headaches, like cluster headache and chronic paroxysmal hemicrania. It may also coexist with cervicogenic headache. The diagnosis of migraine without aura ("common migraine") poses greater problems than the diagnosis of migraine with aura. Cervicogenic headache diagnosis also poses(More)
The influence of pregnancy upon the head pain of cervicogenic headache (CEH) has been studied in 14 patients (number of pregnancies 25). Migraine was used as control group (n = 49; number of pregnancies 116). CEH was diagnosed according to The Cervicogenic Headache International Study Group guidelines. Migraine was diagnosed according to International(More)