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Speckle tracking in 2-D ultrasound images has become an established tool for assessment of left ventricular function. The recent development of ultrasound systems with capability to acquire real-time full volume data of the left ventricle makes it possible to perform speckle tracking in three dimensions, and thereby track the real motion of the myocardium.(More)
Parallel beamforming is frequently used to increase the acquisition rate of medical ultrasound imaging. However, such imaging systems will not be spatially shift invariant due to significant variation across adjacent beams. This paper investigates a few methods of parallel beam-forming that aims at eliminating this flaw and restoring the shift invariance(More)
We have examined the effect of incorporating tissue anisotropy in simulated ultrasound images of the heart. In simulation studies, the cardiac muscle (myocardium) is usually modeled as a cloud of uncorrelated point scatterers. Although this approach successfully generates a realistic speckle pattern, it fails to reproduce any effects of image anisotropy(More)
The objective of this study was to make an interactive method for development of a tissue model, based on anatomical information in computed tomography (CT) images, for use in an ultrasound simulator for training or surgical pre-planning. The method consisted of (1) comparison of true ultrasound B-mode images with corresponding ultrasound-like images, and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to validate a novel method of determining vena contracta area (VCA) and quantifying mitral regurgitation using multibeam high-pulse repetition frequency (HPRF) color Doppler. METHODS The Doppler signal was isolated from the regurgitant jet, and VCA was found by summing the Doppler power from multiple beams within the(More)
Simulation of ultrasound data is often performed for developing new ultrasound data processing techniques. The spatial impulse response method (as implemented in FieldII) has typically been used as the gold standard due to its excellent accuracy in the linear domain. When scatterer numbers become significant and when 3D volumetric data sets need to be(More)
It is important to determine the severity of valvular regurgitation accurately because surgery is indicated only in severe regurgitations. The evaluation of, for example, mitral regurgitation is complex, and the current methods have limitations. We have developed a 3-D Doppler method to estimate the cross-sectional area and the geometry of a regurgitant jet(More)
Most available ultrasound imaging simulation methods are based on the spatial impulse response approach. The execution speed of such a simulation is of the order of days for one heart-sized frame using desktop computers. For some applications, the accuracy of such rigorous simulation approaches is not necessary. This work outlines a much faster 3-D(More)
Ultrasound simulators can be used for training ultrasound image acquisition and interpretation. In such simulators, synthetic ultrasound images must be generated in real time. Anatomy can be modeled by computed tomography (CT). Shadows can be calculated by combining reflection coefficients and depth dependent, exponential attenuation. To include speckle, a(More)
In color flow imaging for medical diagnosis, the inherent trade-off between frame rate and image quality may often lead to suboptimal images. Parallel receive beamforming is used to help overcome this problem, but this introduces artifacts in the images. In addition to the parallel beamforming artifacts found in B-mode imaging, we have found that a(More)