Torben R. Uhrenholt

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Proteinuria and increased renal reabsorption of NaCl characterize the nephrotic syndrome. Here, we show that protein-rich urine from nephrotic rats and from patients with nephrotic syndrome activate the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) in cultured M-1 mouse collecting duct cells and in Xenopus laevis oocytes heterologously expressing ENaC. The activation(More)
Several pathophysiological conditions, including nephrotic syndrome, are characterized by increased renal activity of the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC). We recently identified plasmin in nephrotic urine as a stimulator of ENaC activity and undertook this study to investigate the mechanism by which plasmin stimulates ENaC activity. Cy3-labeled plasmin was(More)
Aldosterone has been suggested to elicit vessel contraction via a nongenomic mechanism. We tested this proposal in microdissected, perfused rabbit renal afferent arterioles. Aldosterone had no effect on internal diameter in concentrations from 10(-10) to 10(-5) mol/L, but aldosterone abolished the ability of 100 mmol/L KCl to induce vascular contraction.(More)
Voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels Cav1.2 (L type) and Cav2.1 (P/Q type) are expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and are important for the contraction of renal resistance vessels. In the present study we examined whether native renal VSMCs coexpress L-, P-, and Q-type Ca2+ currents. The expression of both Cav2.1a (P-type) and Cav2.1b (Q-type)(More)
The mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and the enzyme 11betahydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2, which confers aldosterone specificity to the MR, are present in endothelium and vascular smooth muscle. In several pathological conditions aldosterone promotes vascular damage by formation of reactive oxygen species. The effect of aldosterone on vascular function,(More)
Data suggest that mineralocorticoid selectivity is differentially regulated in epithelial target tissues. We investigated whether the level of dietary NaCl intake influenced the expression and tissue distribution of 11-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11betaHSD-2), aldosterone receptor (MR), and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in rat colon, kidney,(More)
An increase in tissue blood flow requires relaxation of smooth muscle cells along entire branches of the resistance vasculature. Whereas the spread of hyperpolarization along the endothelium can coordinate smooth muscle cell relaxation, complementary signaling events have been implicated in the conduction of vasodilation. We tested the hypothesis that(More)
AIMS Adenosine causes vasoconstriction of afferent arterioles of the mouse kidney through activation of adenosine A(1) receptors and Gi-mediated stimulation of phospholipase C. In the present study, we further explored the signalling pathways by which adenosine causes arteriolar vasoconstriction. METHODS AND RESULTS Adenosine (10(-7) M) significantly(More)
PGE(2) and PGI(2) stimulate renin secretion and cAMP accumulation in juxtaglomerular granular (JG) cells. We addressed, at the single-cell level, the receptor subtypes and intracellular transduction mechanisms involved. Patch clamp was used to determine cell capacitance (C(m)), current, and membrane voltage in response to PGE(2), EP2 and EP4 receptor(More)
Transmitter release from nerve terminals is dependent on the entry of Ca(2+) through neuronal voltage-gated calcium channels. In sympathetic neurones both N- and L-type calcium channels are present. Potassium channel blockade increases Ca(2+) entry into sympathetic neurones. We examined the participation of N- and L-type calcium channels in the(More)