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This paper presents a theory of social policy preferences that emphasizes the role of skills. The key to our argument is that individuals who have made risky investments in skills will demand insurance against the possible future loss of income from those investments. Most income is derived from past investments in skills, and because the transferability of(More)
Chris Zorn for helpful discussions and comments, James LeSage for making available his MATLAB spatial econometrics library and answering our questions, and Michael Ward for impressing us on the importance of space. Abstract While spatial econometrics is being used more frequently in political science, most applications are still based on geographic notions(More)
  • Thomas Cusack, Torben Iversen, Philipp Rehm, staatlicher Umverteilung
  • 2005
To understand how the welfare state adjusts to economic shocks it is important to explain both the genesis of popular preferences and the institutional incentives of governments to respond to these preferences. This paper attempts to do both, using a general theoretical framework and detailed data at both the individual and national levels. In a first step,(More)
We have identified 23 334 individuals (40%) of twins born in Norway 1905-45 where both twins were alive in 1960 without malignant disease. These were linked to the Cancer Registry of Norway. A reduced risk of malignant disease was demonstrated among twins for all tumour sites combined; standardized incidence rate (SIR): 0.90 (95% CI 0.85-0.94) in females(More)
* I wish to thank several sources of funding during the development of these ideas from the summer of 1993 to the present: the National Science Foundation, for a graduate student fellowship (1991-4) and for funding through the research training group in positive political economy (1994-5); the Center for European Studies, Harvard, the(More)
The remaining shortcomings are my own and are the more inexcusable given such excellent advice. Abstract: In the postwar era until recently, public-transfer shares of GDP have risen dramatically in every developed democracy. Much positive theory purports to explain this development as a direct consequence of differing distributions of political (votes) and(More)
This paper shows how cross-national variation in labor market attributes, social policies affecting female employment, and divorce laws affect both female labor force participation and divorce. These, in turn, lead to a systematic gendered pattern in the preferences for government spending on social services. Analyzing data on household division of labor(More)