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A firm's instantaneous probability of default is modeled as a translated square-root diffusion process modified to allow the process to be correlated with default-free interest rates. The parameters of the process are estimated for 161 firms. An extended Kalman filter approach is used that incorporates both the time-series and cross-sectional (term(More)
We provide a general framework for integration of high-frequency intraday data into the measurement, modeling, and forecasting of daily and lower frequency return volatilities and return distributions. Most procedures for modeling and forecasting financial asset return volatilities, correlations, and distributions rely on potentially restrictive and(More)
Green and Hollifield (1992) argue that the presence of a dominant factor is why we observe extreme negative weights in mean-variance-efficient portfolios constructed using sample moments. In that case imposing no-shortsale constraints should hurt whereas empirical evidence is often to the contrary. We reconcile this apparent contradiction. We explain why(More)
The pervasive intraday periodicity in the return volatility in foreign exchange and equity markets is shown to have a strong impact on the dynamic properties of high frequency returns. Only by taking account of this strong intraday periodicity is it possible to uncover the complex intraday volatility dynamics that exists both within and across different(More)
Using a new dataset consisting of six years of real-time exchange rate quotations, macroeconomic expectations, and macroeconomic realizations (announcements), we characterize the conditional means of U.S. dollar spot exchange rates versus German Mark, British Pound, Japanese Yen, Swiss Franc, and the Euro. In particular, we find that announcement surprises(More)
We examine ''realized'' daily equity return volatilities and correlations obtained from high-frequency intraday transaction prices on individual stocks in the Dow Jones $ We thank the editor and referee for several suggestions that distinctly improved this paper. Helpful comments were also provided Industrial Average. We find that the unconditional(More)
Using high-frequency data on deutschemark and yen returns against the dollar, we construct model-free estimates of daily exchange rate volatility and correlation that cover an entire decade. Our estimates, termed realized volatilities and correlations, are not only model-free, but also approximately free of measurement error under general conditions, which(More)
We examine the implications of portfolio theory for the cross-sectional behavior of equity trading volume. Two-fund separation theorems suggest a natural definition for trading activity: share turnover. If two-fund separation holds, share turnover must be identical for all securities. If (K + 1)-fund separation holds, we show that turnover satisfies an(More)
This paper extends the class of stochastic volatility diffusions for asset returns to encompass Poisson jumps of time-varying intensity. We find that any reasonably descriptive continuous-time model for equity-index returns must allow for discrete jumps as well as stochastic volatility with a pronounced negative relationship between return and volatility(More)
We gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by a research grant from the Institute for Quantitative Research in Finance (the Q-Group). We would also like to thank Olsen and Associates for providing the intradaily exchange rates and Reuter's news tape analyzed in the paper. This paper is part of NBER's research program in Asset Pricing. Any(More)