Tor Skomedal

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OBJECTIVE Current guidelines are controversial regarding exercise intensity in cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation. Although high-intensity training induces larger increases in fitness and maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)), moderate intensity is often recommended as equally effective. Controlled preclinical studies and randomized clinical trials are(More)
BACKGROUND Current pharmacological treatment of congestive heart failure (CHF) addresses changes in neurohumoral stimulation or cardiac responsiveness to such stimulation. Yet, undiscovered neurohumoral changes, adaptive or maladaptive, may occur in CHF and suggest novel pharmacological treatment. Serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] enhances(More)
Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) increases contractile force and elicits arrhythmias through 5-HT4 receptors in porcine and human atrium, but its ventricular effects are unknown. We now report functional 5-HT4 receptors in porcine and human ventricle. 5-HT4 mRNA levels were determined in porcine and human ventricles and contractility studied in(More)
Cardiac responsiveness to neurohumoral stimulation is altered in congestive heart failure (CHF). In chronic CHF, the left ventricle has become sensitive to serotonin because of appearance of Gs-coupled 5-HT4 receptors. Whether this also occurs in acute CHF is unknown. Serotonin responsiveness may develop gradually or represent an early response to the(More)
The purpose of our study was to investigate the inotropic response to the endogenous agonist norepinephrine mediated through alpha-1 adrenoceptors and to compare this response to that mediated through beta-adrenoceptors in failing human ventricular myocardium. We studied ex vivo the inotropic effect of norepinephrine in isometrically contracting trabecular(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSES Myocardial C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) levels are increased in heart failure. CNP can induce negative inotropic (NIR) and positive lusitropic responses (LR) in normal hearts, but its effects in failing hearts are not known. We studied the mechanism of CNP-induced NIR and LR in failing hearts and determined whether sarcoplasmatic(More)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) induces changes in the neurohumoral system and gene expression in viable myocardium. Several of these genes encode G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) involved in mechanisms which compensate for impaired myocardial function. We used real-time quantitative RT-PCR (Q-RT-PCR) to investigate the expression of mRNA encoding 15(More)
Liver X receptor (LXR)-α and -β play a major role in lipid and glucose homeostasis. Their expression and function in the heart is not well characterized. Our aim was to describe the expression of LXRs in the murine heart, and to determine effects of cardiac LXR activation on target gene expression, lipid homeostasis and ischemia. Both LXRα and -β were(More)
The possible involvement of different kinases in the alpha(1)-adrenoreceptor (AR)-mediated positive inotropic effect (PIE) was investigated in rat papillary muscle and compared with beta-AR-, endothelin receptor- and phorbol ester-induced changes in contractility. The alpha(1)-AR-induced PIE was not reduced by the inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC), MAPK(More)