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1. Physiological, enzyme-histochemical, biochemical and morphometrical properties of fast-twitch single motor units were compared between young (3-6 months) and old rats (20-24 months) using the glycogen depletion technique. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were used to identify the myosin heavy chain (MHC) composition in the muscle fibres of the motor unit(More)
To develop a rapid method to quantify myosin in muscle biopsy specimens from patients with critical illness myopathy (CIM). Percutaneous muscle biopsy specimens at different stages of CIM were examined by light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and by horizontal pore gradient SDS electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The myosin/actin ratio was(More)
The etiology of upper airway collapsibility in patients with snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) remains unclear. Local muscular abnormalities, including neurogenic lesions, could be a contributory factor. The aim of this study was to histologically evaluate the hypothesis of a progressive snorers disease. Biopsies of palatopharyngeal muscle were(More)
The soleus muscle of young adult (5 months), adult (10-11 months) and old (23 months) male Wistar rats was unilaterally denervated for a period of 3 weeks and studied with regard to enzyme-histochemical and morphometrical properties. Denervation caused a marked atrophy of all fibres, irrespective of age and enzyme-histochemical type. Fibres having(More)
Enzyme-histochemical, morphometrical and physiological properties were studied in the slow-twitch soleus muscle of male Wistar rats 2-25 months old. There was a clear age-related shift in the enzyme-histochemical profile of the muscle, resulting from transformation of fast-twitch muscle fibres to slow-twitch ones. This process occurred in younger animals up(More)
The size of CAG repeats was compared in lymphocytes and skeletal muscle from nine patients with Huntington disease (HD) and two patients with Kennedy disease (KD). In HD, the number of CAG repeats did not differ between lymphocytes and skeletal muscle. In the two KD patients, however, the CAG expansion was larger in muscle than in lymphocytes. The(More)
The motor nerve to the soleus muscle and the L5 ventral root from young adult (3-6 months) and old (20-25 months) male Wistar rats were studied with regard to total number of myelinated nerve fibres, calibre spectra of myelinated fibres and morphological properties. The soleus muscle was examined with respect to total number of muscle fibres. A significant(More)
To analyse mechanisms of muscle wasting in intensive care unit patients, we developed an experimental model where rats were pharmacologically paralysed by post-synaptic block of neuromuscular transmission (NMB) and mechanically ventilated for 9±2 days. Specific interest was focused on the effects on protein and mRNA expression of sarcomeric proteins, i.e.,(More)
BACKGROUND Despite a similar density of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors, the upper esophageal sphincter is sensitive to partial neuromuscular block, whereas the pharyngeal constrictor muscle is more resistant. In order to postulate possible mechanisms behind this difference in pharmacological response, basic knowledge of morphological and physiological(More)