Tonya Richards

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A monoclonal autoantibody (MAb) with powerful thyroid stimulating activity has been produced from lymphocytes from a patient with Graves' disease. The autoantibody and its Fab fragment bind to the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor (TSHR) with high affinity, inhibit labelled TSH binding to the receptor and stimulate cyclic AMP production in Chinese(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze interactions between the thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) and a thyroid-stimulating human monoclonal autoantibody (M22) at the molecular level. DESIGN A complex of part of the TSHR extracellular domain (amino acids 1-260; TSHR260) bound to M22 Fab was prepared and purified. Crystals suitable for X-ray diffraction analysis(More)
The properties of a human monoclonal antibody to the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) (M22) with the characteristics of patient sera thyroid stimulating autoantibodies is described. Similar concentrations (pmol/L) of M22 Fab and porcine TSH had similar stimulating effects on cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production in TSHR-transfected Chinese hamster(More)
Thyrotropin (TSH) receptor monoclonal antibodies (TSHR mAbs) were obtained from cDNA-immunized NMRI mice. Three mAb immunoglobulin Gs (IgGs) (TSmAbs 1-3) that had distinct V(H )and V(L) region sequences stimulated cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production in isolated porcine thyroid cells greater than 10x basal and as little as 20 ng/mL (0.13 nmol/L)(More)
Analysis of nine mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) with TSH antagonist activity showed that only one of the mAbs (RSR B2) was an effective antagonist of the human thyroid stimulating autoantibody M22. Crystals of B2 Fab were analyzed by x-ray diffraction and a crystal structure at 3.3 A resolution was obtained. The(More)
The effects of an extensive series of mutations in the TSH receptor (TSHR) leucine-rich domain (LRD) on the ability of thyroid-stimulating monoclonal antibodies (TSMAbs) and TSH to bind to the receptor and stimulate cyclic AMP production in TSHR-transfected CHO cells has been investigated. In addition, the ability of a mouse monoclonal antibody with(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients who appear to have both stimulating and blocking TSHR autoantibodies in their sera have been described, but the two activities have not been separated and analysed. We now describe the isolation and detailed characterization of a blocking type TSHR monoclonal autoantibody and a stimulating type TSHR monoclonal autoantibody from a single(More)
BACKGROUND Human monoclonal autoantibodies (MAbs) are valuable tools to study autoimmune responses. To date only one human MAb to the thyrotropin (TSH) receptor (TSHR) with stimulating activity has been available. We now describe the detailed characterization of a blocking type human MAb to the TSHR. METHODS A single heterohybridoma cell line was isolated(More)
Detergent-solubilized porcine TSH receptor (TSHR) has been labeled with 125I using a monoclonal antibody to the C-terminal domain of the receptor. The ability of sera containing TSHR autoantibody to immunoprecipitate the labeled receptor was then investigated. Sera negative for TSHR autoantibody (as judged by assays based on inhibition of labeled TSH(More)
We have used the human monoclonal TSH receptor (TSHR) autoantibody (M22) as a labeled ligand in competition with individual patient TSHR autoantibodies (TRAb) to estimate their serum concentrations and affinities. TSHR coated tubes, (125)I-labeled M22 IgG and Fab, and patient sera IgG and Fab were used in these studies. In 15 patients with Graves' disease,(More)