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The development of the metabolic syndrome in an increasing percentage of the populations of Western societies, particularly in the United States, requires valid models for establishing basic biochemical changes and performing preclinical studies on potential drug targets. The C57BL/6J mouse has become an important model for understanding the interplay(More)
Although filamentous morphology in bacteria has been associated with resistance to phagocytosis, our understanding of the cellular mechanisms behind this process is limited. To investigate this, we followed the phagocytosis of both viable and dead Legionella pneumophila filaments. The engulfment of these targets occurred gradually and along the longitudinal(More)
Membrane-bound ribosomes and messenger RNA remained associated with the microsomal membranes of human fibroblasts after cultures were treated with Verrucarin A, an inhibitor of initiation which led to extensive run-off of ribosomes from polysomal structures. When a membrane fraction from Verrucarin-treated cells containing such inactive ribosomes and mRNA(More)
BACKGROUND Canagliflozin is a sodium glucose co-transporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitor in clinical development for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS (14)C-alpha-methylglucoside uptake in Chinese hamster ovary-K cells expressing human, rat, or mouse SGLT2 or SGLT1; (3)H-2-deoxy-d-glucose uptake in L6 myoblasts; and 2-electrode voltage clamp(More)
Diabetes is a high risk factor for dementia. High glucose may be a risk factor for dementia even among persons without diabetes, and in transgenic animals it has been shown to cause a potentiation of indices that are pre-symptomatic of Alzheimer's disease. To further elucidate the underlying mechanisms linking inflammatory events elicited in the brain(More)
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