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PURPOSE To report the refractive, topographic, and clinical outcomes 3 years after corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in eyes with progressive keratoconus. DESIGN Prospective, randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS One hundred eyes with progressive keratoconus were randomized into the CXL treatment or control groups. METHODS Cross-linking was(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical presentations, MRI findings and outcomes for spinal cord infarction (SCI) are well documented in the West but scarce in the East. We investigated the clinical characteristics of SCI patients and further analyzed etiologies and prognostic factors in Chinese subjects. METHODS We reviewed all SCI patients from March 1993 to March(More)
To investigate the pathogenic role of connexin-32 (Cx32) mutation in X-linked dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX), dual whole-cell voltage-clamp recordings and tracer coupling were performed to investigate functional properties of wild-type and 22 CMTX mutant Cx32 proteins expressed in N2A cells. Ten mutant Cx32 proteins either formed defective(More)
OBJECTIVE Machado-Joseph disease is an autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia with expanded trinucleotide repeats. Although autonomic nervous system degeneration was documented in postmortem reports, the autonomic dysfunction in patients with Machado-Joseph disease, either in clinical analysis or electrophysiological investigations, has not yet been(More)
UNLABELLED What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Silodosin administered by 4 mg twice daily is as effective as tamsulosin 0.2 mg daily in treating patients with LUTS associated with BPH. Relative to tamsulosin, silodosin has less cardiovascular side effects as judged by the minimal changes of blood pressure and pulse rats after(More)
Recent molecular epidemiological studies have shown that the inherited polymorphisms of VDR gene may be linked to prostate cancer risk and its aggressive phenotypes. However, the findings remain inconclusive. In this study, we investigated the association of the BsmI, ApaI and TaqI polymorphisms of VDR gene with prostate cancer risk in a Taiwanese(More)
OBJECTIVES To conduct a prospective and randomized trial to compare the efficiency quotient and cost-effectiveness index of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URSL) for the treatment of large upper third ureteral stones. METHODS A total of 35 male patients and 7 female patients with a solitary, radiopaque upper ureteral stone, 15(More)
IMPORTANCE The antiepileptic drug phenytoin can cause cutaneous adverse reactions, ranging from maculopapular exanthema to severe cutaneous adverse reactions, which include drug reactions with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis. The pharmacogenomic basis of phenytoin-related severe cutaneous adverse(More)
PURPOSE The anterior nucleus of the thalamus (ANT) modulates temporal lobe and hypothalamic activities, and relays information to the cingulate gyrus and entorhinal cortex. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the ANT has been reported to decrease seizure activity in a limited number of human subjects. However, long-term effect of chronic ANT stimulation on such(More)
Our goals were to identify biochemical markers for transient global ischemia-induced delayed neuronal death and test possible drug therapies against this neuronal damage. Four-vessel occlusion (4-VO) for 20 min was used as a rat model. The temporal expression profiles of three glutamate transporters (GLT-1, GLAST and EAAC1) were evaluated in the CA1 region(More)