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BACKGROUND DNA-based vaccines have been safe but weakly immunogenic in humans to date. METHODS AND FINDINGS We sought to determine the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of ADVAX, a multigenic HIV-1 DNA vaccine candidate, injected intramuscularly by in vivo electroporation (EP) in a Phase-1, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial in(More)
The development of a rapid and efficient system to identify human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected individuals with broad and potent HIV-1-specific neutralizing antibody responses is an important step toward the discovery of critical neutralization targets for rational AIDS vaccine design. In this study, samples from HIV-1-infected volunteers(More)
Purpose of Audit This clinical laboratory was chosen to be audited [add reason for the audit]. Examples: 1. Assess a lab's ability to conduct lab operations in accordance with GCLP guidelines/standards and other regulations 2. Ensure lab continues to meet applicable regulations/guidelines/standards and sponsor requirements 3. For cause audits to(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled Phase I study of a recombinant replication-defective adenovirus type 5 (rAd5) vector expressing HIV-1 Gag and Pol from subtype B and Env from subtypes A, B and C, given alone or as boost following a DNA plasmid vaccine expressing the same HIV-1 proteins plus Nef, in 114 healthy(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a phase I, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to assess the safety and immunogenicity of escalating doses of two recombinant replication defective adenovirus serotype 35 (Ad35) vectors containing gag, reverse transcriptase, integrase and nef (Ad35-GRIN) and env (Ad35-ENV), both derived from HIV-1 subtype A isolates.(More)
A recombinant modified vaccinia Ankara virus vaccine candidate (TBC-M4) expressing HIV-1 subtype C env, gag, tat-rev, and nef-RT genes was tested in a randomized, double-blind, dose escalation Phase I trial in 32 HIV-uninfected healthy volunteers who received three intramuscular injections of TBC-M4 at 0, 1, and 6 months of 5 x 10(7) plaque-forming units(More)
BACKGROUND The Comprehensive T Cell Vaccine Immune Monitoring Consortium (CTC-VIMC) was created to provide standardized immunogenicity monitoring services for HIV vaccine trials. The ex vivo interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) ELISpot is used extensively as a primary immunogenicity assay to assess T cell-based vaccine candidates in trials for infectious diseases and(More)
We investigated whether vaccination of healthy HIV-seronegative and HIV-1-seropositive antiretroviral therapy-treated subjects with recombinant modified vaccinia virus Ankara expressing an HIV-1 immunogen (MVA.HIVA) induced MVA-specific T cell responses. Using IFN-γ Elispot assays, we observed new or increased responses to MVA virus in 52% of(More)
Address: 1Immunology and Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA, 2International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, Rockville, MD, USA, 3Henry M. Jackson Found. Advancement Mil. Medicine, DAIDS, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, MD, USA, 4Duke Human Vaccine Institute, CHAVI, Durham, NC, USA, 5HIV Vaccine Trials Network, Seattle, WA, USA, 6CAVD/CA-VIMC Central(More)
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