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Oncogenic Ras proteins transform animal cells to a malignant phenotype only when modified by farnesyl residues attached to cysteines near their carboxyl termini. The farnesyltransferase that catalyzes this reaction recognizes tetrapeptides of the sequence CAAX, where C is cysteine, A is an aliphatic amino acid, and X is a carboxyl-terminal methionine or(More)
Derivatives of human growth hormone (hGH) of increasing size were produced by reaction with the N-hydroxysuccinimide ester of polyethylene glycol-5000 (PEG5000), a 5-kDa reagent that selectively conjugates to primary amines. By adjusting the reaction conditions and purification procedure, it was possible to isolate hGH derivatives containing up to seven PEG(More)
Reexamination of the hexapeptide GH-releasing peptide (GHRP-6) structure/function has lead to the development of four novel classes of compound that stimulate GH release. Each class is represented as follows: a pentapeptide, G-7039; a tetrapeptide, G-7134; a pseudotripeptide, G-7502; and a rigid cyclic heptapeptide, G-7203. The EC50 values for these(More)
Another class of growth hormone (GH) secretagogues has been discovered by altering the backbone structure of a flexible linear GH-releasing peptide (GHRP). In vitro and in vivo characterization confirms these GH secretagogues as the most potent and smallest (M(r) < 500) reported. Anabolic efficacy is demonstrated in rodents with intermittent delivery. A(More)
A structural survey of protein Zn2+ binding geometries was instigated based upon the functional requirement of Ras farnesyltransferase for Zn2+. The Cys-X-X-Cys motif found in Zn(2+)-binding proteins such as aspartate transcarbamylase was used as a template to devise a bidentate-coordination model for Cys-A1-A2-X peptide inhibitors. Accordingly, replacement(More)
Suppression of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne javanica) in soil within the vine row was assessed between 14–36 weeks after incorporation of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) cv. Nemfix as green manure and as seed meal in a 3-year-old and a 15-year-old vineyard. Application of mustard green manure and seed meal either to the inter-row or the vine row soil(More)
Antagonists of the glycoprotein GPIIb/IIIa are a promising class of antithrombotic agents offering potential advantages over present antiplatelet agents (i.e., aspirin and ticlopidine). Novel tricyclic nonpeptidal GPIIb/IIIa antagonists have been prepared and evaluated in vitro as antagonists of fibrinogen binding to the purified GPIIb/IIIa receptor and as(More)