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OBJECTIVES To (i) measure lumbar intervertebral motion patterns produced during low force, high frequency posteroanterior (PA) thrusts applied to adjacent thoracolumbar spinal segments; (ii) determine the dependence of PA stiffness and impedance characteristics of the thoracolumbar spine on loading frequency; and (iii) ascertain the feasibility of using PA(More)
The in vitro viscoelastic "creep" behavior was examined in 18 cadaveric human lumbar motion segments subjected to static axial compressive loads. Axial deformation was followed for 30 min under constant applied load. Compressive material constants (moduli and viscosity coefficients) were then determined for each intervertebral disc using a linearization(More)
Bone in vivo stresses and moments were determined from rosette strain recordings obtained from the mid-diaphysis of growing exercising rats. Two activity groups were examined beginning at 3 weeks of age: 2 min day-1 and 45 min day-1 at 0.2 ms-1 in an exercise wheel. In vitro moment-strain curves were obtained during mechanical calibration tests on intact(More)
Although bone strength and modulus are known to be influenced by both volume fraction and mineral content (ash fraction), the relative influence of these two parameters remains unknown. Single-parameter power law functions are used widely to relate bone volume or ash fraction to bone strength and elastic modulus. In this study we evaluate the potential for(More)
Seventeen cadaveric human lumbar motion segments from eight spines were cyclically loaded in vitro under axial compression. Loading frequency and magnitude were chosen to simulate rigorous activity within an in vivo physiological level. The load magnitude was determined as a percentage of the ultimate compressive load, the latter estimated from the bone(More)
The Young's modulus, bending strength, apparent density, and ash content of 155 human compact bone bending specimens were determined. Both Young's modulus (E) and bending strength (S) were strongly correlated to tissue dry apparent density (rho a). Based upon the correlation coefficient (R) and the percent deviation of the data from the regression curve (%(More)
Three porous ceramic bone graft materials were compared with regard to their ability to heal a 2.5 cm defect created surgically in a bilateral canine radius model. The ceramic materials were analyzed at 12 and 24 weeks after surgery and included tricalcium phosphate, hydroxyapatite, and collagen hydroxyapatite, which contained a mixture of 35% tricalcium(More)
Reverse shoulder arthroplasty is being used more frequently to treat irreparable rotator cuff tears in the presence of glenohumeral arthritis and instability. To date, however, design features and functions of reverse shoulder arthroplasty, which may be associated with subluxation and dislocation of these implants, have been poorly understood. We asked: (1)(More)
The compressive mechanical properties of human lumbar vertebral trabeculae were examined on the basis of anatomic origin, bone density, and intervertebral disc properties. Trabecular bone compressive strength and stiffness increased with increasing bone density, the latter proportional to strength and stiffness to the one-half power. Regional variations(More)