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We often fail to see something that at other times is readily detectable. Because the visual stimulus itself is unchanged, this variability in conscious awareness is likely related to changes in the brain. Here we show that the phase of EEG alpha rhythm measured over posterior brain regions can reliably predict both subsequent visual detection and(More)
In humans, the primary visual cortex (V1) is essential for conscious vision. However, even without V1 and in the absence of awareness, some preserved ability to accurately respond to visual inputs has been demonstrated, a phenomenon referred to as blindsight. We used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to deactivate V1, producing transient blindness for(More)
Human superior temporal sulcus (STS) is thought to be a key brain area for multisensory integration. Many neuroimaging studies have reported integration of auditory and visual information in STS but less is known about the role of STS in integrating other sensory modalities. In macaque STS, the superior temporal polysensory area (STP) responds to(More)
OBJECTIVE The ventrolateral nucleus of the thalamus (VL), based on its connectivity with the cerebellum and motor cortex, has long been considered to be involved with motor functions. We show that the human VL also plays a prominent role in sensory processing. METHODS Structural magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging were used to localize(More)
The proposed neural mechanisms supporting blindsight, the above-chance performance of cortically blind patients on forced-choice visual discrimination tasks, are controversial. In this article, we show that although subjects were unable to perceive foveally presented visual stimuli when transcranial magnetic stimulation over the visual cortex induced a(More)
Although past studies have shown that visual information can be processed without awareness, the types and levels of this processing have yet to be determined. We used metacontrast masking to explore unconscious priming effects of white, blue, and green stimuli generated on a color video display. We found that a white prime tends to act more like a green(More)
Neural plasticity induced by stroke can mediate positive outcomes, such as recovery of function, but can also result in the formation of abnormal connections with negative consequences for perception and cognition. In three experiments using blood-oxygen level dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging, we examined the neural substrates of(More)
As sensory systems deteriorate in aging or disease, the brain must relearn the appropriate weights to assign each modality during multisensory integration. Using blood-oxygen level dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging of human subjects, we tested a model for the neural mechanisms of sensory weighting, termed "weighted connections." This model(More)
Three experiments employed a metacontrast masking procedure to examine the extent and nature of priming effects from visual stimuli not consciously perceived. The results showed effects of unconscious stimuli on subsequent target responses that (1) were more consistent, reliable, and not subject to strategic control, as compared with consciously perceived(More)
Hearing and feeling both rely upon the transduction of physical events into frequency-based neural codes, suggesting that the auditory system may be intimately related to the somatosensory system. Here, we provide evidence that the neural substrates for audition and somatosensation are anatomically linked. Using diffusion tensor imaging with both(More)