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Growth hormone increases tissue formation by acting both directly and indirectly on target cells. The direct action promotes the differentiation of precursor cells; this has been demonstrated for two mesenchymal cell types. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is not able to substitute for growth hormone in promoting this differentiation, but it is proposed(More)
GH promotes the conversion of cultured preadipose 3T3 cells into adipose cells. The serum of most animals also promotes this differentiation. In order to determine the extent to which GH is responsible for the adipogenic activity of serum, we used a specific antiserum able to suppress completely the adipogenic activity of rat and bovine GH. This antiserum(More)
Adipose conversion of cultured 3T3 cells is known to depend on an adipogenic factor present in serum. In the presence of this factor, extracts of different organs were found to inhibit the adipose conversion. The most active extracts were derived from brain, uterus, and pituitary, but other organs also possessed appreciable activity. Fibroblast growth(More)
Cultured preadipose 3T3 cells undergo a process of differentiation in which they convert to adipose cells. Growth hormone promotes this conversion. Since 3T3 sublines vary in their susceptibility to adipose conversion, it was of interest to examine the properties of the growth hormone receptors in relation to that susceptibility. It was found that(More)
In this work, the chemical changes in calf thymus DNA samples were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The DNA samples were irradiated for over 5 h and spectra were taken repeatedly every 30 min. In this approach the X-ray beam both damages and probes the samples. In most cases, XPS spectra have complex shapes due to contributions of C, N,(More)
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