Tony M. Plant

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To further study the role of GPR54 signaling in the onset of primate puberty, we used the monkey to examine the ability of kisspeptin-10 to elicit the release of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) precociously, and we describe the expression of GPR54 and KiSS-1 in the hypothalamus during the peripubertal period. Agonadal juvenile male monkeys were(More)
Kisspeptin is recognized to play a critical role in eliciting the pubertal resurgence of pulsatile GnRH release, the proximal trigger of puberty in higher primates. Expression of the kisspeptin receptor (GPR54) by GnRH neurons indicates a direct action of kisspeptin on the GnRH neuronal network. The purpose of the present study was to examine the(More)
Human genetics indicate that kisspeptin and neurokinin B (NKB) signaling are necessary for generating pulsatile LH release and therefore for initiation of puberty and maintaining gonadal function. In the present study, male monkeys were employed to examine 1) whether activation of the NKB receptor (NK3R) is associated with GnRH release, and 2) hypothalamic(More)
In rhesus monkeys with hypothalamic lesions that abolish gonadotropic hormone release by the pituitary gland, the constant infusion of exogenous gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) fails to restore sustained gonadotropin secretion. In marked contrast, intermittent administration of the synthetic decapeptide once per hour, the physiological frequency of(More)
The purpose of the present study was to further examine the hypothesis that activation of G protein-coupled receptor 54 (GPR54) signaling at the end of the juvenile phase of primate development is responsible for initiation of gonadarche and the onset of puberty. Accordingly, we determined whether repetitive iv administration of the GPR54 receptor agonist(More)
The purpose of the present study was to establish culture conditions for the in vitro study of the rhesus monkey Sertoli cell (Sc) at three major stages of development, namely infancy, adulthood, and the intervening prepubertal period. Conditions for the culture of Sc from juveniles were first established using collagenase and pancreatin digestion of(More)
Galanin-like peptide (GALP) is a hypothalamic neuropeptide that has been implicated in the control of feeding, metabolism, and reproduction. The goal of this study was to examine the effects of central infusions of GALP on GnRH and LH secretion and to identify physiological factors that influence the expression of GALP mRNA in the brain of a primate(More)
In adult ovariectomized rhesus monkeys bearing hypothalamic lesions which reduced circulating LH and FSH to undetectable levels, sustained elevated gonadotropin concentrations were reestablished by the intermittent administration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) at the rate of 1 microgram/min for 6 min once every hour. The effects of varying either(More)
The pubertal ontogeny of Sertoli cell proliferation in primates is controversial. In the study of the rhesus monkey presented here, we investigated this issue during normal sexual maturation and during precocious puberty induced experimentally with pulsatile GnRH treatment. Cell number was calculated by standard stereological methods employing volume(More)
The goal of the present study was to examine the relative roles of testosterone (T) and FSH in the proliferation and differentiation of pale type A (Ap) spermatogonia in the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta). Twenty adult male monkeys were treated with daily injections of a GnRH-receptor antagonist, acyline, to suppress endogenous gonadotropin secretion during(More)