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One outstanding issue regarding the relationship between elastic modulus and density for trabecular bone is whether the relationship depends on anatomic site. To address this, on-axis elastic moduli and apparent densities were measured for 142 specimens of human trabecular bone from the vertebra (n=61), proximal tibia (n=31), femoral greater trochanter(More)
The ability to determine trabecular bone tissue elastic and failure properties has biological and clinical importance. To date, trabecular tissue yield strains remain unknown due to experimental difficulties, and elastic moduli studies have reported controversial results. We hypothesized that the elastic and tensile and compressive yield properties of(More)
The ability to predict trabecular failure using microstructure-based computational models would greatly facilitate study of trabecular structure-function relations, multiaxial strength, and tissue remodeling. We hypothesized that high-resolution finite element models of trabecular bone that include cortical-like strength asymmetry at the tissue level, could(More)
Understanding the dependence of human trabecular bone strength behavior on anatomic site provides insight into structure-function relationships and is essential to the increased success of site-specific finite element models of whole bones. To investigate the hypothesis that the yield strains of human trabecular bone depend on anatomic site, the uniaxial(More)
If bone adapts to maintain constant strains and if on-axis yield strains in trabecular bone are independent of apparent density, adaptive remodeling in trabecular bone should maintain a constant safety factor (yield strain/functional strain) during habitual loading. To test the hypothesis that yield strains are indeed independent of density, compressive (n(More)
Trabecular bone is a complex material with substantial heterogeneity. Its elastic and strength properties vary widely across anatomic sites, and with aging and disease. Although these properties depend very much on density, the role of architecture and tissue material properties remain uncertain. It is interesting that the strains at which the bone fails(More)
The correlation between bone mineral density and vertebral strength is not based on mechanical principles and thus the method cannot reflect the effects of subtle geometric features and densitometric inhomogeneities that may substantially affect vertebral strength. Finite element models derived from quantitative computed tomography (QCT) scans overcome such(More)
We sought to quantify the systematic and random errors associated with end-artifacts in the platens compression test for trabecular bone. Our hypothesis was that while errors may depend on anatomic site, they do not depend on apparent density and therefore have substantial random components. Trabecular bone specimens were first tested nondestructively using(More)
Using a protocol designed to reduce experimental artifacts associated with the conventional compression test for trabecular bone, we performed in vitro mechanical testing on bovine tibial trabecular bone to obtain accurate descriptions of the elastic and yield behaviors. Reduced-section cylindrical specimens were preconditioned for eight tension-compression(More)
This study investigated the numerical convergence characteristics of specimen-specific "voxel-based" finite element models of 14 excised human cadaveric lumbar vertebral bodies (age: 37-87; M = 6, F = 8) that were generated automatically from clinical-type CT scans. With eventual clinical applications in mind, the ability of the model stiffness to predict(More)