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Trabecular bone is a complex material with substantial heterogeneity. Its elastic and strength properties vary widely across anatomic sites, and with aging and disease. Although these properties depend very much on density, the role of architecture and tissue material properties remain uncertain. It is interesting that the strains at which the bone fails(More)
This study investigated the numerical convergence characteristics of specimen-specific "voxel-based" finite element models of 14 excised human cadaveric lumbar vertebral bodies (age: 37-87; M = 6, F = 8) that were generated automatically from clinical-type CT scans. With eventual clinical applications in mind, the ability of the model stiffness to predict(More)
The solution of elliptic diffusion operators is the computational bottleneck in many simulations in a wide range of engineering and scientific disciplines. We present a truly scalable-ultrascalable-algebraic multigrid (AMG) linear solver for the diffusion operator in unstructured elasticity problems. Scalability is demonstrated with speedup studies of a(More)
In the randomized, placebo-controlled FREEDOM study of women aged 60 to 90 years with postmenopausal osteoporosis, treatment with denosumab once every 6 months for 36 months significantly reduced hip and new vertebral fracture risk by 40% and 68%, respectively. To gain further insight into this efficacy, we performed a nonlinear finite element analysis(More)
The biomechanical mechanisms underlying sex-specific differences in age-related vertebral fracture rates are ill defined. To gain insight into this issue, we used finite element analysis of clinical computed tomography (CT) scans of the vertebral bodies of L3 and T10 of young and old men and women to assess age- and sex-related differences in the strength(More)
We sought to test the hypothesis that a pedicle screw that has two parallel threads of different heights throughout the full length of the screw could increase both bone purchase and pull-out strength compared with a standard single-threaded screw of similar dimensions. A single-threaded pedicle screw and a double-threaded pedicle screw were respectively(More)
UNLABELLED Trabecular plates and rods are important microarchitectural features in determining mechanical properties of trabecular bone. A complete volumetric decomposition of individual trabecular plates and rods was used to assess the orientation and morphology of 71 human trabecular bone samples. The ITS-based morphological analyses better characterize(More)
Although there is no consensus as to the precise nature of the mechanostimulatory signals imparted to the bone cells during remodeling, it has been postulated that deformation-induced fluid flow plays a role in the mechanotransduction pathway. In vitro, osteoblasts respond to fluid shear stress with an increase in PGE(2) production; however, the long-term(More)
STUDY DESIGN A finite element parametric analysis to investigate the relative load carrying roles of the shell and centrum in the lumbar vertebral body. OBJECTIVE To address the issue of the structural role of the vertebral shell and clarify some of the contradictions raised by previous studies. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA A number of experimental and(More)
Because they are not reliably discriminated by areal bone mineral density (aBMD) measurements, it is unclear whether minimal vertebral deformities represent early osteoporotic fractures. To address this, we compared 90 postmenopausal women with no deformity (controls) with 142 women with one or more semiquantitative grade 1 (mild) deformities and 51 women(More)