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Although striking ethnic differences in pharmacologic responses to various medications have been documented in the general medical literature, there is a paucity of such information in the psychopharmacologic literature. Recent work has provided a number of studies that illustrate interesting inter-ethnic pharmacogenetic, pharmacokinetic, and(More)
The practice of clinical neuropsychology has traditionally accorded limited attention to the impact of prescription medications on cognitive functioning. Though neuropsychologists see a wide array of patients with cerebropathologic and other organ system disease that are under pharmacotherapy, systematic attention to how these compounds potentially affect(More)
BACKGROUND Providing care for individuals with a progressive, debilitating condition such as dementia can adversely impact the quality of life (QOL) of informal caregivers. To date, there is no existing caregiver quality of life measure for dementia caregivers with breadth of coverage or that is applicable to caregivers of diverse ethnic backgrounds. The(More)
A growing pool of recent research points to the importance of ethnicity in psychopharmacologic management of depression and anxiety disorders, with sometimes profound implications for efficacy and safety. Such research has provided provocative findings that illustrate important interethnic pharmacogenetic, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic differences,(More)
The last decade has witnessed substantial progress in our understanding of ethnic differences and similarities between Asians and other ethnic groups in response to various psychotropics. Capitalizing on recent advances in cross-cultural and psychobiological research methodology, a number of recent studies have suggested a special sensitivity of Asians to(More)
Research indicates that cocaine significantly constricts the cerebral vasculature and can lead to ischemic brain infarction. Long-term effects of intermittent or casual cocaine use in patients without symptoms of stroke or transient ischemic attack were investigated. Single-photon emission computed tomography with xenon-133 and(More)
The present review is directed at imparting the current knowledge regarding functional neuroimaging as a tool for enhancing the understanding of cerebrophysiologic and neurobehavioral consequences of stimulant abuse. Stimulants like cocaine are capable of inducing clinically significant neurocognitive impairment through direct action on the brain, and(More)
OBJECTIVES (1) To investigate the prevalence and characteristics of agitation in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other forms of dementia; (2) to explore the association between agitation and other clinical variables, including disease severity, functional impairment and other neuropsychiatric symptoms, and (3) to determine the predictors of(More)
Lithium RBC/plasma ratio (LR) was studied in 34 bipolar subjects on therapeutic doses of lithium carbonate. The sample was divided into 22 Caucasians and 12 African-Americans to observe possible ethnic differences in LR as previously reported. The latter group demonstrated a higher LR as well as increased reports of side effects (p < .05), even after(More)
There is ample evidence attesting to differences in drug response and disposition among certain ethnic groups. The existing body of knowledge concerning pharmacological issues in the Hispanic and Native American ethnic groups, however, is both meager and confusing. In this article, the authors first attempt to briefly characterize these increasingly(More)