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BACKGROUND The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerance of the noncisplatin-based combination of paclitaxel and gemcitabine administered weekly for patients with untreated metastatic nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS Patients with Stage IIIB/IV or recurrent NSCLC, a performance status of 0-2, and no prior(More)
The development of nanopore fabrication methods during the past decade has led to the resurgence of resistive-pulse analysis of nanoparticles. The newly developed resistive-pulse methods enable researchers to simultaneously study properties of a single nanoparticle and statistics of a large ensemble of nanoparticles. This review covers the basic theory and(More)
Currently there is no widespread agreement on an explanation for the stability of surface nanobubbles. One means by which several explanations can be differentiated is through the predictions they make about the degree of permeability of the gas-solution interface. Here we test the hypothesis that the gas-solution interface of surface nanobubbles is(More)
Resistive-pulse sensing has generated considerable interest as a technique for characterizing nanoparticle suspensions. The size, charge, and shape of individual particles can be estimated from features of the resistive pulse, but the technique suffers from an inherent variability due to the stochastic nature of particles translocating through a small(More)
Regulating the formation and growth of microscopic bubbles at solid-liquid interfaces is essential in many physical, chemical, and catalytic processes, such as the electrolysis of water or a dry-wet transition of a superhydrophobic surface. The growth of bubbles in a group is influenced by the neighboring bubbles as well as the overall gas concentration in(More)
The detection of nanobubbles on surfaces is well established (e.g., AFM and optical microscopy methods), but currently no methods exist for the direct detection of bulk nanobubbles. Here, cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) has been employed to observe bubbles in aqueous solutions for the first time. Nitrogen bubbles generated by a chemical reaction were(More)