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Maize yield per unit area has dramatically increased over time as have plant population densities, but the genetic basis for plant response to density is unknown as is its stability over environments. To elucidate the genetic basis of plant response to density in maize, we mapped QTL for plant density-related traits in a population of 186 recombinant inbred(More)
Accurate prediction of phenological development in maize (Zea mays L.) is fundamental to determining crop adaptation and yield potential. A number of thermal functions are used in crop models, but their relative precision in predicting maize development has not been quanti ed. e objectives of this study were (i) to evaluate the precision of eight thermal(More)
Global food security must address the dual challenges of closing yield gaps (i.e., actual vs. potential yield) while improving environmental sustainability. Nutrient balance is essential for achieving global food security. Historical (in distinct " Eras " from late 1800s to 2012) and geographical (in United States vs. remainder of World) changes in maize(More)
No part of this periodical may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. T he continuous increase in maize grain yield in the world's primary growing areas during the last decades was(More)
RESEARCH T he three-way interaction of genotypes, environment, and management practices (genotype [G] × environment [E] × management practice [M]) (Messina et al., 2009) is highlighted in the diverse tolerances and yield responses of modern maize genotypes to specifi c abiotic and biotic stresses under varying management practices and environments. During(More)
We conducted a synthesis analysis on data from 86 published field experiments conducted from 1903 to 2014 to explore the specific consequences of post-silking N accumulation (PostN) in New Era vs. Old Era hybrids on grain yield (GY) and recovery from plant N stress at flowering (R1 stage). The Old Era encompassed studies using genotypes released before, and(More)
Growers and applicators should carefully apply all fertilizer materials not just to maximize plant nutrient uptake and crop yield, but also to reduce nutrient losses to the environment. Phosphorus (P) fertilizers pose particularly complex and acute environmental risks. Generally, P is immobile in the soil, but under some conditions P can leave the field and(More)
Over the last 70 years, national corn yield gains have occurred because of superior genetic yield potentials and management improvements such as improved water management, higher plant densities, and earlier planting dates. Some management recommendations, such as those from seed companies that promote optimum plant densities, are often environment, hybrid,(More)
Reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from upland crop field as well as paddy field is being required, but little information on GHG emissions according to cultivation practices in upland field is available. Soil GHG emissions during the growing season were investigated in the field of three decades rotation and tillage treatments which were consisted(More)
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