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UNLABELLED This quantitative systematic review compared the efficacy and safety of ephedrine with phenylephrine for the prevention and treatment of hypotension during spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery. Seven randomized controlled trials (n = 292) were identified after a systematic search of electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane(More)
BACKGROUND Previous clinical trials and animal experiments have suggested that long-lasting neurotoxicity of general anesthetics may lead to postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Brain function monitoring such as the bispectral index (BIS) facilitates anesthetic titration and has been shown to reduce anesthetic exposure. In a randomized controlled(More)
UNLABELLED In a randomized, double-blind study, we compared postoperative pain and analgesic requirement in patients who underwent elective cesarean section under general anesthesia induced with thiopental 4 mg/kg (n = 20) or ketamine 1 mg/kg (n = 20). Anesthesia was maintained with nitrous oxide and isoflurane. Postoperative analgesia was provided by(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pilot clinical trials using magnesium sulfate in patients with acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage have reported trends toward improvement in clinical outcomes. This Phase III study aimed to compare intravenous magnesium sulfate infusion with saline placebo among such patients. METHODS We recruited patients with aneurysmal(More)
BACKGROUND Animal and volunteer studies indicate that ropivacaine is associated with less neurologic and cardiac toxicity than bupivacaine. Ropivacaine may offer advantages when used for thoracic paravertebral block. This study was designed to describe the pharmacokinetics of ropivacaine after thoracic paravertebral block. METHODS Twenty female patients(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was conducted to examine the psychometric properties of a Chinese translation of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (HK-PCS). DESIGN/PATIENTS Patients aged 18-79 years (N = 130) with chronic nonmalignant pain attending an outpatient multidisciplinary pain center in Hong Kong participated in this cross-sectional study. METHOD Subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Propofol and ketamine may be paired for anesthesia induction and for total intravenous anesthesia. The nature of any sedative interactions occurring between propofol and ketamine are unknown. The combination when used for anesthesia induction in female patients was studied. METHODS Quantal dose-response curves were determined in 180 female(More)
We randomized 18 critically ill patients to receive ceftazidime 6 g/day by continuous infusion or bolus dosing (2 g 8 hourly), each with a loading dose of 12 mg/kg ceftazidime. During the first 8 h, plasma ceftazidime concentration fell below 40 mg/L in only one patient (trough 38 mg/L) from the infusion group, compared with eight from the bolus group (2-33(More)
We evaluated the effects of magnesium sulfate on brain tissue oxygen (PtO2) tension, carbon dioxide (PtCO2) tension and pH (pHt) in patients undergoing temporary artery occlusion for clipping of cerebral aneurysm. We studied 18 patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. All patients received standard anesthetics using target controlled infusion of(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery (MINS) was defined as prognostically relevant myocardial injury due to ischemia that occurs during or within 30 days after noncardiac surgery. The study's four objectives were to determine the diagnostic criteria, characteristics, predictors, and 30-day outcomes of MINS. METHODS In this international,(More)