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This report describes analyses of associations of genome copy number abnormalities in ovarian cancers with clinical features using genome-wide graphical and analytical procedures. These studies show that tumor grade is a better indicator of the extent of genomic progression than stage, that loss of chromosome 4 occurs preferentially in high-grade tumors,(More)
The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) has risen 600% over the last 30 years. With a 5-year survival rate of ~15%, the identification of new therapeutic targets for EAC is greatly important. We analyze the mutation spectra from whole-exome sequencing of 149 EAC tumor-normal pairs, 15 of which have also been subjected to whole-genome sequencing. We(More)
Alternative processing of pre-mRNA transcripts is a major source of protein diversity in eukaryotes and has been implicated in several disease processes including cancer. In this study we have performed a genome wide analysis of alternative splicing events in lung adenocarcinoma. We found that 2369 of the 17 800 core Refseq genes appear to have alternative(More)
BACKGROUND Several recent reports have described the detection of circulating, cancer-related RNA molecules in serum or plasma from cancer patients, but little is known about the biology of this extracellular RNA. We aimed to determine how RNA is protected against degradation in serum, to optimize RNA isolation from large volumes of serum, and to test our(More)
This report describes the development and validation of quantitative microsatellite analysis (QuMA) for rapid measurement of relative DNA sequence copy number. In QuMA, the copy number of a test locus relative to a pooled reference is assessed using quantitative, real-time PCR amplification of loci carrying simple sequence repeats. Use of simple sequence(More)
BACKGROUND PCR-based assays can improve clinical care, but they remain technically demanding and labor-intensive. We describe a new instrument, the GeneXpert, that performs automated nucleic acid isolation, reverse transcription, and fluorescence-based quantitative PCR in approximately 35 min. METHODS Yield and integrity of RNA isolated on the GeneXpert(More)
BACKGROUND Microarray studies in cancer compare expression levels between two or more sample groups on thousands of genes. Data analysis follows a population-level approach (e.g., comparison of sample means) to identify differentially expressed genes. This leads to the discovery of 'population-level' markers, i.e., genes with the expression patterns A > B(More)
BACKGROUND High expression of Bmi-1, a key regulatory component of the polycomb repressive complex-1, has been associated with many solid and hematologic malignancies including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. However, little is known about the role of Bmi-1 in esophageal adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study is to investigate the amplification and high(More)
Since its introduction in the early- to mid-1980s, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been modified and optimized for an increasing number of applications. Early on, the focus was on the amplification of a specific nucleic acid template into quantities amenable to identification and experimental manipulation. While this remains an important(More)
OBJECTIVE Quantification of small molecule numbers often requires preamplification to generate enough copies for accurate downstream enumerations. Here, we studied experimental parameters in targeted preamplification and their effects on downstream quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). METHODS To evaluate different strategies, we monitored the(More)