Tony E. Godfrey

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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) carries a dismal prognosis. However, a range of survival times exists, and parameters that define prognostic groups may help to optimize treatment. To identify such prognostic groups, we analyzed tumor tissue from 110 cases of newly diagnosed GBM from two clinical protocols. Similar to other studies, we found no association of(More)
The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) has risen 600% over the last 30 years. With a 5-year survival rate of ~15%, the identification of new therapeutic targets for EAC is greatly important. We analyze the mutation spectra from whole-exome sequencing of 149 EAC tumor-normal pairs, 15 of which have also been subjected to whole-genome sequencing. We(More)
Alternative processing of pre-mRNA transcripts is a major source of protein diversity in eukaryotes and has been implicated in several disease processes including cancer. In this study we have performed a genome wide analysis of alternative splicing events in lung adenocarcinoma. We found that 2369 of the 17 800 core Refseq genes appear to have alternative(More)
BACKGROUND Several recent reports have described the detection of circulating, cancer-related RNA molecules in serum or plasma from cancer patients, but little is known about the biology of this extracellular RNA. We aimed to determine how RNA is protected against degradation in serum, to optimize RNA isolation from large volumes of serum, and to test our(More)
This report describes the development and validation of quantitative microsatellite analysis (QuMA) for rapid measurement of relative DNA sequence copy number. In QuMA, the copy number of a test locus relative to a pooled reference is assessed using quantitative, real-time PCR amplification of loci carrying simple sequence repeats. Use of simple sequence(More)
BACKGROUND PCR-based assays can improve clinical care, but they remain technically demanding and labor-intensive. We describe a new instrument, the GeneXpert, that performs automated nucleic acid isolation, reverse transcription, and fluorescence-based quantitative PCR in approximately 35 min. METHODS Yield and integrity of RNA isolated on the GeneXpert(More)
BACKGROUND Microarray studies in cancer compare expression levels between two or more sample groups on thousands of genes. Data analysis follows a population-level approach (e.g., comparison of sample means) to identify differentially expressed genes. This leads to the discovery of 'population-level' markers, i.e., genes with the expression patterns A > B(More)
We have used the rat tyrosine hydroxylase promotor to overexpress MYCN in the neural crest of transgenic mice, resulting in a mouse model for neuroblastoma. Using PCR analysis of microsatellite markers, we conducted a genome-wide analysis in tumors from these animals. Regions of chromosomes 1, 3, 10, 11, 14, and 18 were affected in 20-50% of tumors.(More)
We have developed a fluorescence-based single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) method that offers fast and sensitive screening for mutations in exons 5-8 of the human p53 gene. The method uses an ABI 377 DNA sequencer for unique color detection of each strand, plus accurate alignment of lanes for better detection of mobility shifts. To validate the(More)
Since its introduction in the early- to mid-1980s, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been modified and optimized for an increasing number of applications. Early on, the focus was on the amplification of a specific nucleic acid template into quantities amenable to identification and experimental manipulation. While this remains an important(More)