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Basal cells of the stratified squamous epithelia of rabbit skin, cornea and esophagus appear morphologically similar. However, the histological features of their subsequent differentiation are different, and the three epithelia are characterized by distinctive keratin proteins. To analyze the relative importance of intrinsic versus extrinsic factors in(More)
A chemically defined medium (FMC; B. Terleckyj, N. P. Willett, and G. D. Shockman, Infect. Immun. 11:649-655, 1975) was used to compare the growth and amino acid requirements of 16 strains of group B streptococci, consisting of both laboratory-passaged organisms and fresh clinical isolates from adult and neonatal infections. The 5 standard Lancefield(More)
Six strains of serotype III group B streptococci isolated from confirmed cases of neonatal disease were examined for their ability to produce proteolytic enzymes. Three neuraminidase-producing strains and three non-neuraminidase-producing strains were employed in this study. Protease production was examined in 1,000-fold concentrated filtrates of(More)
Promastigotes of Leishmania donovani cultured for either 3 or 10 days in vitro and inoculated intracardially into golden hamsters with an equal number of organisms from either population showed a 7-fold difference in infectivity when compared at both 10 and 16 days post-infection. Reproducible histochemical staining for the promastigote enzymes(More)
Two sialic acid-containing type III group B streptococcal antigens were obtained from a supernatant growth medium, purified by anion exchange or gel filtration, and found to be free of group B reactivity. Quantitation of the high-molecular-weight extracellular type III antigen indicated that approximately 20-fold more antigen was recoverable from the growth(More)
Twelve strains of serotype III group B streptococci (8 isolated from cases of neonatal disease, 3 isolated from asymptomatically colonized infants, and 1 laboratory reference strain) were examined for the vitro production of three potential extracellular virulence products: type-specific antigen, neuraminidase, and protease. In addition, virulence in a(More)
The type-specific antigens (TSA) of group B streptococcus (GBS) represent the primary virulence factors for these organisms, yet little is known about their relationship to the cell surface of GBS. Crude cell walls of serotype III GBS strain 110 were purified by extraction with sodium dodecyl sulfate, LiCl, and urea, which removed essentially all of the(More)
A conformationally defined retinoic acid analog (1) which contains a dimethylene bridge to maintain the 6-s-trans orientation for two terminal double bonds in the polyene chain was synthesized. A Reformatsky reaction was utilized to extend the polyene chain of the starting enone, which provided exclusively the 9Z-configuration for the intermediate aldehyde.(More)
1. The metabolites of isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid, Accutane) were investigated in the bile of two patients with biliary T-tube drainage after administration of a single, oral, 80-mg dose of 14C-isotretinoin. Radioactivity measurements showed that the two patients excreted 22.7 and 17.1% of the dose in their bile in 4 days. 2. The two major(More)
The release of serotype III group B streptococcal polysaccharides into the supernatant fluid was examined under a variety of physiological conditions. Release of both high- and low-molecular-weight type III antigens was fairly constant throughout exponential growth, but increased markedly upon entering the stationary phase of growth. Increased glucose and(More)