Tony David Roberts

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We present a theoretical and experimental comparison of spontaneous parametric down-conversion in periodically poled waveguides and bulk KTP crystals. We measured a waveguide pair generation rate of 2.9.10(6) pairs/s per mWof pump in a 1-nm band: more than 50 times higher than the bulk crystal generation rate.
We demonstrate efficient generation of photon pairs at 1316 nm in a fiber-coupled type-II phase-matched Rb-indiffused waveguide in periodically poled KTiOPO(4). The integrated waveguide source has a pair production rate of 2 x 10(7)/s/mW in a 1.08-nm bandwidth, in good agreement with a theoretical model that takes into account the transversal momentum(More)
We measure the decoherence of a spatially separated atomic superposition due to spontaneous photon scattering. We observe a qualitative change in decoherence versus separation as the number of scattered photons increases, and verify quantitatively the decoherence rate constant in the many-photon limit. Our results illustrate an evolution of decoherence(More)
We demonstrate high-quality distribution of 1.3 microm polarization-entangled photons generated from a fiber-coupled periodically poled KTiOPO(4) waveguide over 200 m fiber-optic cables. Time-multiplexed measurements with a 19% efficient superconducting nanowire single-photon detector at the remote location show a detected flux of 5.8 pairs/s at a pump(More)
We demonstrate the absence of off-diagonal elements for the density matrix of a supersonic Na atomic beam, thus showing that there are no coherent wave packets emerging from this source. We used a differentially detuned separated oscillatory field longitudinal interferometer to search for off-diagonal density matrix elements in the longitudinal(More)
For the first time to our knowledge, continuous nonsegmented channel waveguides in periodically poled KTiOPO(4) with guided orthogonal polarizations are used to demonstrate type II background-free second harmonic generation in the telecom band with 1.6%/(W cm(2)) normalized conversion efficiency. This constitutes a 90-fold improvement in aggregate(More)
Localized oscillating fields are beam splitters that can entangle internal and longitudinal momentum states in an atomic beam. Differentially detuned separated oscillatory fields and an am modulator constitute a " white fringe " longitudinal interferometer which rephases velocity averaging by a process analogous to half a spin echo. Differentially detuned(More)
We demonstrate a high-power, narrowband pulsed source at 390 nm by two stages of frequency doubling in periodically poled MgO:LiNbO(3) and periodically poled KTiOPO(4) of an amplified, passively mode-locked fiber laser. With a frequency quadrupling efficiency of 5.5% and a 0.1 nm bandwidth, the 250 mW ultraviolet source is a suitable compact pump source for(More)
Properties of a Bose-Einstein condensate were studied by stimulated, two-photon Bragg scattering. The high momentum and energy resolution of this method allowed a spectroscopic measurement of the mean-field energy and of the intrinsic momentum uncertainty of the condensate. The coherence length of the condensate was shown to be equal to its size. Bragg(More)
We present a fiber-coupled balanced optical cross-correlator using waveguides in periodically-poled KTiOPO(4) (PPKTP). The normalized conversion efficiency of the waveguide device is measured to be η(0) = 1.02% / [W · cm(2)], which agrees well with theory and simulation. This result represents an expected improvement of a factor of 20 over previous(More)