Tony C K Tham

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BACKGROUND ERCP has become widely available for the diagnosis and treatment of benign and malignant pancreaticobiliary diseases. In this prospective study, the overall complication rate and risk factors for diagnostic and therapeutic ERCP were identified. METHODS Data were collected prospectively on patient characteristics and endoscopic techniques from(More)
BACKGROUND Wallstents (Schneider Stent, Inc., USA) used for the palliation of malignant biliary strictures, although associated with prolonged patency, can occlude. There is no consensus regarding the optimal management of Wallstent occlusion. AIMS To evaluate the efficacy of different endoscopic methods for managing biliary Wallstent occlusion. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EA) is increasingly common among patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE). We aimed to provide consensus recommendations based on the medical literature that clinicians could use to manage patients with BE and low-grade dysplasia, high-grade dysplasia (HGD), or early-stage EA. METHODS We performed an(More)
BACKGROUND There is a scarcity of data regarding the radiation dose and associated risks to patients during ERCP. Dose area product (DAP) measurements can be used to estimate an effective dose (ED) to patients undergoing ERCP. This measure allows radiation risk associated with such procedures to be quantified. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ED to(More)
BACKGROUND At least 10-15% of patients with reflux symptoms have a normal endoscopy and physiological levels of acid reflux on pH monitoring. Such patients with 50% or more of symptoms associated with acid reflux episodes have "a positive symptom index" (SI), and it has been proposed that this defines the "sensitive oesophagus". AIM To test the response(More)
Unkept outpatient appointments are a drain on resources. In a prospective study we asked non-attenders at a gastroenterology clinic why they had missed their appointment. 103 patients missed their appointment (14% of the total invited); 3 had died. The remaining 100 were asked to complete questionnaires, 68 by mail (43 returned) and 32 by telephone (30(More)
This Guideline is an official statement of the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE). It provides practical advice on how to achieve successful cannulation and sphincterotomy at minimum risk to the patient. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system was adopted to define the strength of(More)
Bile duct stones (BDS) are often suspected on history and clinical examination alone but symptoms may be variable ranging from asymptomatic to complications such as biliary colic, pancreatitis, jaundice or cholangitis. The majority of BDS can be diagnosed by transabdominal ultrasound, computed tomography, endoscopic ultrasound or magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND We report our experience of selective cholangiography in a series of laparoscopic cholecystectomies and evaluate the strategy of using "stricter criteria" to select preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCPs). METHODS A total of 1847 consecutive laparoscopic cholecystectomies were analyzed for use of cholangiography. A(More)
OBJECTIVES Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a common premalignant lesion for which surveillance is recommended. This strategy is limited by considerable variations in clinical practice. We conducted an international, multidisciplinary, systematic search and evidence-based review of BE and provided consensus recommendations for clinical use in patients with(More)