Tonko Buterin

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The fjord region diol-epoxide metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons display stronger tumorigenic activities in rodent studies than comparable bay region diol-epoxides, but the molecular basis for this difference between fjord and bay region derivatives is not understood. Here we tested whether the variable effects of these genotoxic metabolites of(More)
Estrogen receptors display high levels of promiscuity in accommodating a wide range of ligand structures, but the functional consequence of changing receptor conformations in complex with distinct agonists is highly controversial. To determine variations in the transactivation capacity induced by different estrogenic agonists, we assessed global(More)
The function of the human nucleotide excision repair (NER) apparatus is to remove bulky adducts from damaged DNA. In an effort to gain insights into the molecular mechanisms involved in the recognition and excision of bulky lesions, we investigated a series of site specifically modified oligonucleotides containing single, well-defined polycyclic aromatic(More)
Nondistorting C4' backbone adducts serve as molecular tools to analyze the strategy by which a limited number of human nucleotide excision repair (NER) factors recognize an infinite variety of DNA lesions. We have constructed composite DNA substrates containing a noncomplementary site adjacent to a nondistorting C4' adduct to show that the loss of hydrogen(More)
The multiprotein factor composed of XPA and replication protein A (RPA) is an essential subunit of the mammalian nucleotide excision repair system. Although XPA-RPA has been implicated in damage recognition, its activity in the DNA repair pathway remains controversial. By replacing DNA adducts with mispaired bases or non-hybridizing analogues, we found that(More)
Synthetic DNA probes were incubated in human cell extracts to dissect the early step of bulky lesion recognition in the nucleotide excision repair pathway. Excision was induced upon combination of the target adduct with either a two-sided bulge, involving both the damaged sequence and its undamaged partner strand, or a one-sided bulge, affecting exclusively(More)
We examined whether the human nucleotide excision repair complex, which is specialized on the removal of bulky DNA adducts, also displays a correcting activity on base mismatches. The cytosine/cytosine (C/C) lesion was used as a model substrate to monitor the correction of base mismatches in human cells. Fibroblasts with different repair capabilities were(More)
We investigate the influence of base sequence context on the conformations of the 10S (+)- and 10R (-)-trans-anti-[BP]-N(6)-dA adducts through molecular dynamics (MD) simulations with free energy calculations, and relate the structural findings to results of nucleotide excision repair (NER) assays in human cell extracts. In previous studies, these adducts(More)
Nucleotide excision repair is part of a cellular defense system that protects genome integrity.Here, this versatile repair system was challenged with mixtures of DNA adducts that were generated to mimic the wide spectrum of bulky lesions produced by complex genotoxic insults. Probing human excision activity with substrate combinations instead of single(More)
Previous reports showed that methylated CpG sites are primary targets of bulky lesions induced by UV radiation, benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), or other environmental genotoxic agents. This study was performed to determine whether the repair of DNA damage formed preferentially at CpG dinucleotides is sensitive to 5-methylcytosine substitutions. Reactivation assays(More)
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