Tonje S. Birkenes

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OBJECTIVE We wanted to study the effect of continuous dispatcher communication on CPR technique and performance during 10min of simulated cardiac arrest. METHOD We reviewed video recordings and manikin data from 30 CPR trained lay people who where left alone in a simulated cardiac arrest situation with a manikin in a home-like environment (in a small,(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) improves survival after cardiac arrest, but there is a discrepancy between the age group normally attending CPR-classes and the age group most likely to witness a cardiac arrest. We wanted to study if elderly lay persons could perform 10min of CPR on a realistic manikin with continuous chest(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate if modified pre-arrival instructions using patient's arm and nipple line as landmarks could avoid abdominal hand placements for chest compressions. METHOD Volunteers were randomized to one of two telephone instructions: "Kneel down beside the chest. Place one hand in the centre of the victim's chest and the other on top" (control)(More)
BACKGROUND Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is a life threatening situation where the first person performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) most often is a bystander without medical training. Some existing smartphone apps can call the emergency number and provide for example global positioning system (GPS) location like Hjelp 113-GPS App by the(More)
OBJECTIVE Telephone-CPR (T-CPR) can increase initiation of bystander CPR. We wanted to study if quality oriented continuous T-CPR would improve CPR performance vs. standard T-CPR. METHOD Ninety-five trained rescuers aged 22-69 were randomized to standard T-CPR or experimental continuous T-CPR (comprises continuous instructions, questions and(More)
BACKGROUND Telephone-CPR (T-CPR) can increase rate of bystander CPR as well as CPR quality. Instructions for T-CPR were developed when most callers used a land line. Telephones today are often wireless and can be brought to the patient. They often have speaker function which further allows the rescuer to receive instructions while performing CPR.We wanted(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE We study the effect of a nationwide dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) program on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest outcomes by arrest location (public and private settings). METHODS All emergency medical services (EMS)-treated adults in Korea with out-of-hospital cardiac arrests of cardiac cause were enrolled between(More)
Globally one of our major mortality challenges is out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Good quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is extremely important for the chance of survival after cardiac arrest. Research has shown that telephone assisted guidance from the dispatcher to the bystander can improve the CPR quality provided to the patient. Some recent(More)
A1 Measuring the effectiveness of a novel CPRcard feedback device during simulated chest compressions by non-healthcare workers Alexander White*, Han Xian Ng, Wai Yee Ng, Eileen Kai Xin Ng, Stephanie Fook-Chong, Phek Hui Jade Kua, Marcus Eng Hock Ong Health Services Research, Division of Research, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore, Singapore; London(More)