Tonja Kartasova

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The epidermal cornified cell envelope (CE) is a complex protein-lipid composite that replaces the plasma membrane of terminally differentiated keratinocytes. This lamellar structure is essential for the barrier function of the skin and has the ability to prevent the loss of water and ions and to protect from environmental hazards. The major protein of the(More)
Keratins 1 (K1) and 10 (K10) are the predominant cytoskeletal intermediate filaments of epidermal cells during transition from the proliferative to the terminal differentiation stage. In situ, formation of the K1/K10 intermediate filament network occurs in the cytoplasm of cells with a preexisting cytoskeleton composed of keratins 5 and 14. To define(More)
Small proline-rich (SPR) proteins are structural components of the cornified cell envelope of stratified squamous epithelia. They are subdivided into three families, i.e., SPR1, SPR2, and SPR3, of which the SPR2 family is the most complex. To understand the significance of this complexity, we have isolated 11 mouse Sprr2 genes, constructed a provisional(More)
In the final stages of terminal differentiation in the epidermis and other squamous epithelia, a approximately 15 nm thick protein layer called the cornified cell envelope (CE) assembles on the keratinocytes' inner surface. Its constituent proteins are covalently crosslinked by the action of transglutaminases. Recent studies have indicated that the(More)
In normal epidermis, the expression of keratins 1 and 10 is associated with the loss of proliferative capacity and the onset of terminal differentiation. Keratins 1 (K1) and 10 (K10) are commonly expressed in the differentiating layer of benign tumors, but are lost during progression from the benign to the malignant state in skin carcinogenesis. Active gene(More)
Protein hyper- or hypophosphorylation induced by okadaic acid (OA) treatment was examined using quiescent cultures of the BALB/MK-2 mouse epidermal keratinocytes. Treatment with OA enhanced the phosphorylation of five proteins with molecular weights of 65,000, 55,000, 50,000, 28,000 and 15,000 (p65, p55, p50, p28, and p15, respectively) and decreased that(More)
The cornified cell envelope (CE) is a specialized structure involved in barrier function in stratified squamous epithelia, and is assembled by transglutaminase cross-linking of several proteins. Murine forestomach epithelium undergoes particularly rigorous mechanical trauma, and these CEs contain the highest known content of small proline-rich proteins(More)
Abstract Small PRoline Rich (SPRR) proteins are primary constituents of the cornified cell envelope, necessary to create a permeability barrier across the body's surface. The family of murine Sprr genes has diversified, enabling the body to construct slightly different types of barriers as needed for backskin, mouth, tongue, etc. The Sprr genes have(More)
The Ku protein is a complex of two subunits, Ku70 and Ku80. Ku plays an important role in DNA-PKcs-dependent double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination, and in growth regulation, which is DNA-PKcs-independent. We studied the expression and the subcellular localization of Ku and DNA-PKcs throughout the cell cycle in several established human cell(More)
The small proline-rich (SPR) proteins are components of the cornified cell envelope of stratified squamous epithelia and become cross-linked to other proteins by transglutaminases (TGases). The SPR2 family is the most complex, as it consists of several differentially expressed members of the same size. To explore their physical and cross-linking properties,(More)