Tonino Caruso

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[reaction: see text] Marine diatoms produce alpha,beta,gamma,delta-unsaturated aldehydes that have detrimental effects on the reproduction of their natural predators. The production of these defensive metabolites is suggested to involve enzymatic oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids. In this paper, feeding experiments with labeled precursor provide(More)
In this paper, a method for the extraction of high purity lycopene from tomato wastes is presented. The method is based on a pressurized extraction that uses the Extractor Naviglio, and it is performed in the 0.7-0.9 MPa range. Tomato skin, the byproduct deriving from manufacturing of tomato, in a water dispersion, are used as starting material. Lycopene is(More)
The effects of stacking interactions on the oxidation potentials of single strand oligonucleotides containing up to four consecutive adenines, alternated with thymines and cytosines in different sequences and ratios, have been determined by means of differential pulse voltammetry. Voltammetric measurements point toward the establishment in solution of(More)
Differential pulse voltammetries of guanine-rich single- and double-stranded oligonucleotides containing up to six consecutive guanines are reported. The observed progressive lowering of the first voltammetric peak potential as the number of adjacent guanines increases unambiguously points toward the establishment of delocalized hole domains; the hole(More)
The biochemical profile and growth of the coastal diatom Skeletonema marinoi was investigated under four different daily blue light doses (sinusoidal light peaking at 88, 130, 250 and 450 μmol photons m(−2) s(−1), respectively). Ability of cells to regulate the light energy input caused alterations in growth and different biosynthetic pathways. The light(More)
An investigation on the complex formation equilibria between divalent metal ions Me (with Me=Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Cd, and Pb) and phytic acid (H(12)L) is presented. Experiments were performed through a potentiometric methodology by measuring, at 25 degrees C, the proton and, in some cases (Cu(2+), Cd(2+), and Pb(2+)), also the metal ion activity at equilibrium(More)
The effect of complementary base pairing on the oxidation potential of a guanosine derivative has been determined by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry in CHCl3. The formation of the Watson-Crick H-bonded complex lowers the oxidation potential of the free molecule by 0.34 V, which compares well with the value obtained by DFT/B3LYP/6-311++g**(More)
The association of 5',8-cyclo-2'-deoxyguanosine (cdG), a DNA tandem lesion, with its complementary base cytosine has been studied by voltammetry and NMR in chloroform, using properly silylated derivatives of the two nucleobases for increasing their solubilities. Both voltammetric data and NMR titrations indicated that the Watson-Crick complex of cytidine(More)
The UV-vis and the IR spectra of derivativized adenosine in dichloromethane have been recorded during potentiostatic oxidation at an optically transparent thin layer electrode. Oxidized adenosine shows a broad Zundel like absorption extending from 2800 up to 3600 cm(-1), indicating that a proton transfer process is occurring. Theoretical computations(More)
The oxidation potential of 2',3'-O-isopropylidene-5'-O-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)adenosine and its change upon pairing with the complementary base thymidine have been studied in chloroform solution by voltammetric methods. Differential pulse and cyclic voltammetry of an equimolar solution of the two nucleosides show two well-resolved peaks, which have been(More)